Assistant Professor

David Correa's research looks at biological structures and processes as a source of insight for the development of new fabrication processes and advanced materials. The research aims at implementing state of the art digital fabrication tools (robotic manipulators, 3D printers and CNC milling) to develop innovative and high-performance design solutions for industrial and architectural applications. Current inter-disciplinary research initiatives include weather responsive shape active facade components (in collaboration with BASF and Plant Biomechanics group at Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg), large scale bio-based cellulose 3D printing (University of British Columbia) and advanced robotic fabrication of timber structures (Centre for Advanced Wood Processing and School of Architecture + Landscape Architecture, UBC).  David is a Design Partner at llLab, an experimental design collaboration based in Shanghai and he is also completing is Doctorate in Engineering at the Institute for Computational Design and Construction (ICD) under the supervision of Professor Achim Menges at the University of Stuttgart. David initiated and led the research field of Bio-inspired 3D Printed Programmable Material Systems at the ICD and he was program coordinator for the Integrated Technologies and Architectural Design Research (ITECH MSc) at the University of Stuttgart (2013-15).

Core teaching areas include Bio-inspired Design, Advanced Manufacturing, Architectural Visualization & Analysis and Programmable Materials for Architecture.

Professional Practice:

llLab – Design Laboratory

Research Interests:

Bio-Materials, 4D Printing, Bio-inspired Design, Adaptive and Self-forming systems, Advanced Fabrication.

Selected Publications:

Poppinga, S., Correa, D., Bruchmann, B., Menges, A., Speck, T., 2020, Plant Movements as Concept Generators for the Development of Biomimetic Compliant Mechanisms. Integrative and Comparative Biology.

Le Duigou, A., Correa, D., Ueda, Matsuzaki, R., and Castro, M., 2020. “A Review of 3D and 4D Printing of Natural Fibre Biocomposites.” Materials & Design, 108911.

Correa, D., Poppinga, S., Mylo, M.D., Westermeier, A.S., Bruchmann, B., Menges, A., Speck, T., 2020, 4D pine scale: biomimetic four-dimensional-printed autonomous scale and flap structures capable of multi-phase movement. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 20190445. 

Correa, D., Meyboom, A., Krieg, O., 2019, Building knowledge in Proceedings of the Reynolds Symposium: Education by Design Portland, OR. 18-19 October, 2019. 

Augustin, N., Correa, D., 2019, Developing Climate-responsive Envelopes with the Hygroscopic Motion of Wood Veneer in Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Technologies in Architectural Design (ICETAD 2019). Toronto, Canada. 17-18 October 2019.

Falamarzi, Z., Correa, D., 2019, Robotic assembly of a structurally informed wall system using standard and non-standard components in Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Technologies in Architectural Design (ICETAD 2019). Toronto, Canada. 17-18 October 2019.

Meyboom, A., Correa, D., Krieg, O., 2019 Stressed Skin Wood Surface Structures: Potential Applications in Architecture in Odom, C., Briscoe, D., Bieg, K. (eds.) Ubiquity and Autonomy [Proceedings of the ACADIA Conference 2019]. The University of Texas, Austin, pp. 490-499. (ISBN 978-0-578-59179-7 ) 

Shi, J., Cho, Y., Taylor, M., Correa, D., Guiding Instability: A craft-based approach for modular 3D clay printed masonry screen units in Sousa, JP, Xavier, JP and Castro Henriques, G (eds.), Architecture in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution - Proceedings of the 37th eCAADe and 23rd SIGraDi Conference - Volume 1, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 11-13 September 2019, pp. 477-484

Correa, D., Krieg, O., Meyboom, A., 2019, Beyond Form Definition: Material informed digital fabrication in timber construction in Bianconi, F., Filippucci, M., (eds) Digital Wood Design. Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering, vol 24.  Springer, Cham.

Dierichs, K., Wood, D., Correa, D., Menges, A., 2017, Smart Granular Materials: Prototypes for Hygroscopically Actuated Shape-Changing Particles in Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) (ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1  Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017), pp. 222-231

Campbell, S., Correa, D., Wood, D., Menges, A.: 2017, Modular Mycellia: Scaling Fungal Growth for Architectural Assembly in proceedings of the 5th eCAADe Regional International Symposium, The Virtual and the Physical Between the representation of space and the making of space. Cardiff, Whales, UK. pp 125-134

Correa, D., Menges, A.: 2017, Fused Filament Fabrication for Multi-Kinematic-State Climate Responsive Apertures, in Fabricate – Rethinking Design and Construction [Proceedings of the Fabricate Conference 2017], Stuttgart, pp. 190–195. (ISBN 978 1 78735 001 4)

Correa, D., Papadopoulou, A., Guberan, C., Jhaveri, N., Reichert, S., Menges, A., and Tibbits, S., : 2015, 3D Printed Wood: Programming Hygroscopic material transformation. 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing, Volume 2, No.3, Mary Ann Liebert. pp.106-116. DOI: 10.1089/3dp.2015.0022

Wood, D. , Correa, D., Krieg, O., Menges, A.: 2016, Material computation—4D timber construction: Towards building-scale hygroscopic actuated, self-constructing timber surfaces, International Journal of Architectural Computing (IJAC), Sage, February 2016, DOI: 10.1177/1478077115625522

Correa, D. Menges, A.:2015, 3D Printed Hygroscopic Programmable Material Systems, in Sabin, J., Gutierrez, P., Santangelo, C., MRS Proceedings, Volume 1800, mrss15-2134303 DOI:10.1557/opl.2015.644

Krieg, O., Christian, Z., Correa, D., Menges, A., Reichert, S., Rinderspacher, K., Schwinn, T.: 2014, HygroSkin: Meteorosensitive Pavilion, in Gramazio, F., Kohler, M., Langenberg, S. (eds.), Fabricate: Negotiating Design and Making, Zürich, pp. 272-279. (ISBN 978-3-85676-331-2)

Reichert, S., Menges, A., Correa, D.: 2014, Meteorosensitive Architecture: Biomimetic Building Skins Based on Materially Embedded and Hygroscopically Enabled Responsiveness, CAD Journal, Elsevier, June 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.cad.2014.02.010 (ISSN 0010-4485)

Correa, D., Krieg, O., Menges, A., Reichert, S., Rinderspacher, K.: 2013, HygroSkin: A prototype project for the development of a constructional and climate responsive architectural system based on the elastic and hygroscopic properties of wood, in Beesley, P., Del Barrio, A., Khan, O., Stacey, M., van Overbeeke, E. (eds.), Proceedings of the 33nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) – Adaptive Architecture, Waterloo, pp. 33-42. (ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5)

Tel: 519-888-4567 ext. 27665
Office: ARC 3017

University of Waterloo

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