What it measures
Dimension: Economic Security
The Shelter Consumption Affordability Ratio reports how realistically and sustainably Canadians can afford housing based on shelter consumption costs and discretionary income after paying for other necessities. Shelter consumption costs include: rent, maintenance/repair, insurance, utilities, and transportation. Discretionary income after other necessities is determined by subtracting the cost of financial necessities (taxes, food, clothing, health care costs) from total income. A higher ratio indicates lower levels of affordability.
Why this is important
It is essential to consider total expenses for basic essentials in addition to rent or mortgage payments when determining access to shelter. Access to adequate and affordable housing is critical to mental and physical health. If housing is unaffordable, people will compromise by not spending money on other areas that are essential to wellbeing. In addition, they may have reduced access to adequate childcare, transportation, and some educational programs and leisure opportunities.
Indicator data table
Canadian Centre for Economic Analysis
- CANCEA: Shelter Affordability Across Canada's Provinces
- CANCEA: Understanding Shelter Affordability Issues