• University of Waterloo credit 0.5
  • European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) credit 6.0

This course provides an overview of laser fundamentals and the application of ultrashort optical and electron pulses in femtosecond pump-probe experiments with emphasis in ultrafast structural dynamics. Topics: stop-motion photography, laser and the concept of population inversion, laser cavity and cavity effects for the production of nanosecond and femtosecond optical pulses, Ti:Sapph oscillator, regenerative laser amplifier, optical properties of dielectrics, techniques for optical pulse compression, time-bandwidth product, nonlinear optical effects, synchrotron and x-ray free electron laser facilities, tabletop x-ray and electron diffraction setups.

Recommended bibliography:

  • Course notes (to be gradually posted as the course progresses)
  • “Ultrafast structural dynamics with table top femtosecond hard X-ray and electron diffraction setups”. M. Hada et al., Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 222, 1093–1123 (2013).
  • “Laser fundamentals” by W. T. Silfvast, 2nd Ed., Cambridge University Press.

Please remember that the Undergraduate Calendar is always the official source for all course descriptions.