Dr. Monica B. Emelko

Professor & Associate Chair Undergraduate Studies

Research Interests:

  • Climate change impacts on water and treatability.
  • Physico-chemical drinking water and wastewater treatment processes.
  • Integrated water and land management.
  • Implications/characterization of nutrients (NOM, P, and N) for drinking water treatment.
  • Pathogen and nanoparticle removal during drinking water and wastewater treatment.
  • Pathogen transport in the subsurface.
  • Quantitative microbial risk assessment.
  • Source water protection.
  • Riverbank (in-bank) filtration

Current Sources of Research Funding:

  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada
  • Canadian Foundation for Innovation (CFI)
  • Canadian Water Network (CWN)
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC)
  • Water Economics, Policy, and Governance Network (WEPGN)
  • Region of Waterloo
  • City of Guelph
  • City of Ottawa
  • Stantec Consulting Ltd.
  • Associated Engineering Inc.
  • Fairmount Water Solutions Inc.
  • Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development (AESRD)
  • Alberta Innovates – Energy and Environment Solutions (AI-EES)
  • Alberta Innovates – Bio Solutions (AI-BIO)
  • City of Calgary

Selected Publications:

  1. Emelko, M.B. and Sham, C.H. Wildfire Impacts on Water Supplies and the Potential for Mitigation. Canadian Water Network and Water Research Foundation. 2014.
  2. Silins, U., Bladon, K.D., Kelly, E., Esch, E., Spence, J., Stone, M., Emelko, M.B., Boon, S., Wagner, M.J., Williams, C.H.S., Tichkowsky, I. Five-year Legacy of Wildfire and Salvage Logging Impacts on Nutrient Runoff and Aquatic Plant, Invertebrate, and Fish Productivity. Ecohydrology. Accepted January 21, 2014. In press. DOI: 10.1002/eco.1474.
  3. Stone, M., Collins, A., Silins, U., Emelko, M.B. and Zhang, Y. The Use of Composite Fingerprints to Quantify Sediment Sources in a Wildfire Impacted Landscape, Alberta, Canada. Sci. Total Environ., 473-474:642-650, 2014.
  4. Schmidt, P.J., Emelko, M.B. and Thompson, M.E. Analytical Recovery of Protozoan Enumeration Methods: Have Drinking Water QMRA models Corrected or Created Bias? Water Research, 47:7:2399-2408, 2013.
  5. Mesquita, M.M.F. and Emelko, M.B. Bacteriophages as Surrogates for the Fate and Transport of Pathogens in Source Water and in Drinking Water Treatment Processes. Bacteriophages. I. Kurtboke Ed. InTech, 2012.
  6. Allin, D., Stone, M. Silins, U., Emelko, M.B., and Collins, A. The Effects of Wildfire on Sediment-associated Phosphorus Speciation in the Crowsnest River Basin, Alberta. Proceedings of the IAHS-ICCE International Conference on Wildfire and Water Quality: Processes, Impacts and Challenges, 354: 1-8. 2012.
  7. Tufenkji, N. and Emelko, M.B. Groundwater Pollution: Impacts on Human Health: Fate and Transport of Microbial Contaminants. Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, J. Nriagu, Ed., Elsevier Publishing Inc., 2011.
  8. Stone, M., Emelko, M.B., Droppo, I.G., Silins, U. Biostabilization and Erodibility of Cohesive Sediment Deposits in Wildfire-affected Streams. Water Research, 45:2:521-534, 2011.
  9. Emelko, M.B., Silins, U., Bladon, K.D., Stone, M. Implications of Land Disturbance on Drinking Water Treatability in a Changing Climate: Demonstrating the Need for "Source Water Supply and Protection" Strategies. Water Research, 45:2:461-472, 2011.
  10. Schmidt, P.J., Emelko, M.B. QMRA and Decision-making: Are We Handling Measurement Errors Associated with Pathogen Concentration Data Correctly? Water Research, 45:2:461-472, 2011.
  11. Emelko, M.B., Schmidt, P.J., Reilly, P.M.  Microbiological Data: Enabling Quantitative Rigor and Judicious Interpretation.  Environ. Sci. Technol., 44:1720-1727, 2010.
  12. Emelko, M.B., Tufenkji, N., Stone, M. Rudolph, D.L., and Marsalek, J. RBF Treatment of Waters Impacted by Urban Stormwater and/or Polluted Rivers. Effects of Urbanization on Groundwater: An Engineering Case-based Approach for Sustainable Development. N.B Chang, ed. Reston, Virginia: ASCE Publications, Chapter 7, pp.165-198, 2010.
  13. Schmidt, P.J., Reilly, P.M., Emelko, M.B. Quantification of Methodological Recovery in Particle and Microorganism Enumeration Methods. Environ. Sci. Technol., 44:1705-1712, 2010.
  14. Passmore, J.M., Rudolph, D.L., Mesquita, M.M., Cey, E.E., Emelko, M.B. The Utility of Microspheres as Surrogates for the Transport of E. coli RS2g in Agricultural Soil. Water Research, 44:4:1235-1245, 2010.
  15. Mesquita, M.M.F., Stimson, J., Chae, G.-T., Tufenkji, N., Ptacek C. J., Blowes, D. W., Emelko, M.B. Optimal Preparation and Purification of PRD1-like Bacteriophages for Use in Environmental Fate and Transport Studies. Water Research, 44:4:1114-1125, 2010.
  16. Silins, U., Stone, M., Emelko, M.B., Bladon, K.D. Sediment Production Following Severe Wildfire and Post-Fire Salvage Logging in the Rocky Mountain Headwaters of the Oldman River Basin, Alberta. Catena, 79:3:189-197, 2009.
  17. Silins, U., Bladon, K.D., Anderson, A., Diiwu, J., Emelko, M.B., Stone, M., Boon, S. Alberta’s Southern Rockies Watershed Project – How Wildfire and Salvage Logging Affect Water Quality and Aquatic Ecology. Streamline, 12:2:1-7, 2009.
  18. Brown, T.J., Emelko, M.B. Chitosan and Metal Salt Coagulant Impacts on Cryptosporidium and Surrogate Removal by Filtration. Water Research, 43:2:331-338, 2009.
  19. Knappett, P., Emelko, M.B., Zhuang, J., McKay, L. Transport and Retention of MS-2 Bacteriophage and Microspheres in Saturated Porous Media: Impact of Ionic Strength and Grain Size. Water Research, 42:16:4368-4378, 2008.
  20. Stone, M., Krishnappan, B.G., Emelko, M.B. The Effect of Bed Age and Shear Stress on the Size Distribution and Particle Morphology of Eroded Cohesive Sediment Deposits in an Annular Flume. Water Research, 42:15:4179-4187, 2008.
  21. Bladon, K.D., Silins, U., Wagner, M.J., Stone, M., Emelko, M.B., Mendoza, C.A., Devito, K., Boon, S. Wildfire impacts on nitrogen concentration and production from headwater streams in southern Alberta’s Rocky Mountains. Can. Jour. For. Res. 38:9:2359-2371, 2008.
  22. Silins, U., Stone, M., Emelko, M.B., and Bladon, K.D. Impacts of Wildfire and Post-Fire Salvage Logging on Sediment Transfer in the Oldman Watershed, Alberta. Proceedings of the IAHS-ICCE International Symposium on Sediment Dynamics in Changing Environments, 325: 510-515. 2008.
  23. Emelko, M.B., Schmidt, P.J., Roberson, J.A. Quantification of Uncertainty in Microbial Data:  Reporting and Regulatory Implications. Jour. AWWA, 100:3:94-104, 2008.
  24. Chae, G., Stimson, J.*, Emelko, M.B., Blowes, D.W., Ptacek , C.J., Mesquita, M.M. Statistical Assessment of the Accuracy and Precision of Bacteria- and Virus-Sized Microsphere Enumerations by Epifluorescence Microscopy. Water Research, 42:6-7:1431-1440, 2008.
  25. Emelko, M.B., Huck, P.M., Smith, E.F.  Full-scale Optimization of Single-Stage Biological Filtration.  Jour. AWWA, 98:12:61-73, 2006.
  26. Emelko, M.B., Huck, P.M., Coffey, B.M.  Cryptosporidium Removal by Filtration: A Review. Jour. AWWA, 97:12:101-115, 2005.
  27. Emelko, M.B., Huck, P.M.  Microspheres as Surrogates for Filtration of Cryptosporidium. Jour. AWWA, 96:3:94-105, 2004.
  28. Emelko, M.B., Brown, T. Granular Media Provide Effective Pathogen Removal. Water Serv., 106:2:11-13, 2003.
  29. Emelko, M.B., Huck, P.M., Douglas, I.P.  Cryptosporidium and Microsphere Removal During Late in Cycle Filtration. Jour. AWWA, 95:5:173-182, 2003.
  30. Emelko, M.B.  Removal of Viable and Inactivated Cryptosporidium Oocysts by Dual- and Tri-Media Filtration.  Water Research, 37:12:2998-3008, 2003.
  31. Huck, P.M., Coffey, B.M., Anderson, W.B., Emelko, M.B., Maurizio, D.D., Slawson, R.M., Douglas, I.P., Jasim, S.Y., O’Melia, C.R. Using Turbidity and Particle Counts to Monitor Cryptosporidium Removals by Filters.  Wat. Sci. Technol. Wat. Supply, 2:3:65-71, 2002.
  32. Huck, P.M., Coffey, B.M., Emelko, M.B., Maurizio, D.D., Slawson, R.M., Anderson, W.B., Van Den Oever, J., Douglas, I.P., O’Melia, C.R. Filter Operation Effects on Cryptosporidium Removal.  Jour. AWWA, 94:6:97-111, 2002.

Professional Affiliations:

  • American Water Works Association (AWWA)
  • International Water Association (IWA)
  • Canadian Association on Water Quality (CAWQ)
  • American Chemical Society (ACS)

Courses Taught:

    • ENVE 224  -  Probability and Statistics
    • ENVE 330  -  Lab Analysis and Field Sampling Techniques
    • ENVE 375  -  Physico-Chemical Processes
    • ENVE 430  -  Environmental Engineering Project 1
    • ENVE 431  -  Environmental Engineering Project 2
    • ENVE 472  -  Wastewater Treatment
    • CIVE 670  -  Physico-Chemical Processes of Water and Wastewater Treatment
    • CIVE 770  -  Methods in Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment
    Affiliation: 
    University of Waterloo
    Contact information: 

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