Measuring and Monitoring City and Municipal Level GHG Emissions Mitigation Effectiveness

The main goal of this project is to support Canadian municipalities to monitor, measure and achieve their greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation goals. The aim is to ensure emissions reduction projects, policies and programs are aligned with Canada's national reduction commitments. The project will study and create improved measurement, analysis and monitoring systems for both municipal and community-wide GHG emissions to advance the quantification of GHG emissions, enable the application of methods to identify mitigation opportunities and evaluate their effectiveness. This will augment national reporting processes and align with international practice. 

The project's objectives are:

  • determine the current state of GHG emission reduction targets, measurement, monitoring and planning in Canadian municipalities;
  • advance standardized measurement systems and tools that can also be used to identify mitigation opportunities and further social equity;
  • enhance municipal emissions monitoring and disclosure tools;
  • enhance community-wide emissions measuring and monitoring and ensure equitable, diverse and inclusive engagement; and
  • mobilize knowledge resources and tools to diverse audiences using accessible and inclusive formats, and evaluate uptake.

Visit the project website, Municipal Net-Zero Action Research Partnership (N-ZAP)to learn more.

The University of Waterloo, Federation of Canadian Municipalities, and ICLEI Canada, along with our 11 academic partners, seven national partners, and 10 leading municipalities, are leveraging our collective strengths to support Canadian municipalities in their pursuit of a just transition to net-zero greenhouse gas emissions. We are thrilled to conduct and mobilize leading-edge research to enable municipal climate action, and help address the climate emergency.

Amelia Clarke

Waterloo Climate Institute member contributions

Amelia Clarke is the principal investigator of the project and Jeffrey Wilson is one of the co-investigators. These two members are part of a wider team spearheading this important work thanks to Environment and Climate Change Canada's Climate Action and Awareness Fund (CAAF). This project was undertaken with the financial support of the Government of Canada. 

Amelia Clarke photo
Jeffrey Wilson

Jeffrey Wilson

Assistant Professor, School of Environment, Enterprise and Development

Jeffrey Wilson's areas of research include economic and sustainability research, natural capital accounting, wellbeing research, indicator development, ecosystem goods and services valuation, and strategy and policy development for sustainability transitions.

Co-investigators from UWaterloo

  • Amr ElAlfy
  • Jeffrey Wilson

Other UWaterloo collaborators

  • Maria Strack
  • Mohamad Araji
  • Paul Parker
  • Sarah Burch
  • Simon Glauser

Project co-leads

  • ICLEI Canada: Megan Meaney
  • Federation of Canadian Municipalities: Jeca Carrière and Lindsay Telfer

External academic partners

    • Athabasca University: Eduardo Ordonez-Ponce
    • Concordia University: Adriane MacDonald
    • École nationale d’administration publique: David Talbot
    • Memorial University: Jillene Marlowe
    • Mount Allison University: Corrine Cash
    • Simon Fraser University Action on Climate Team (ACT): Alison Shaw
    • Simon Fraser University: Mark Roseland
    • Université du Québec à Montréal: Georges Tanguay
    • University of Toronto: Laura Tozer
    • University of Victoria: Christina Hoicka
    • Wilfrid Laurier University: Manuel Riemer

    Other external partners

    • Climate Caucus
    • Canadian Institute for Climate Choices
    • Canadian Municipal Network for Task Force on Climate Related Financial Disclosures
    • Climate Reality Project
    • Environmental Funders Canada
    • Natural Resources Canada
    • QUEST

    Municipal partners

    • City of Edmonton
    • City of London
    • City of Moncton
    • City of St. John's
    • City of Toronto
    • City of Vancouver
    • Cowichan Valley Regional District
    • Region of Durham
    • Ville de Laval
    • Ville de Montréal