International admission equivalencies

The following academic equivalencies and requirements by country are intended as a GUIDELINE and are to be used as a reference for admission purposes only. You should meet or exceed the academic requirements listed for your country to be equivalent to the master's admission requirements.

It is important to understand that:

  • Additional grading systems may exist in any country.
  • Departments/Faculties may have higher requirements for their programs and the assessment of any individual may be subject to additional criteria.
  • This guide has been compiled using a variety of sources and is by no means complete.

The table has been sorted alphabetically by country. 

A - D     E - H     I - L     M - P     Q - T     U -Z



International equivalency by country, degree, and GPA

Country of academic institution attended

Minimum equivalent qualifications (for admission to Master's program)

Minimum overall academic standing

Afghanistan

Bachelor/License (4 years)

73/100

Albania

Diplome, Professional Title (4 years)

8/10

Algeria

Licence, Diplome (4 years)

14/20

Angola

Licenciatura or Professional Title (superior academic standing required)

14/20

Argentina

Licenciado or Professional Title

7.5/10

Armenia

Specialist Diploma (5 years)

4/5

Australia

Bachelor (at least 3 years)

Honours IIA/Second Class, Upper

Austria

Diplom-Ingenieur, Magister

2/5 (reverse scale)

Azerbaijan

Diploma of Specialist (post-1991), Bakalavr/Bachelor (4 years), Magistr (pre-1997)

4/5

Bahamas

Bachelor (from UWI)

Class II, Upper

Bahrain

Bachelor (4 years)

3/4

Bangladesh

Bachelor (4 year) OR Bachelor (3 year) plus Master

First Class standing in all degrees, 60/100

Barbados

Honours Bachelor

Second Class, Upper Division

Belarus

Bakalavr (5 years, pre-1991), Magistr (pre-1997), Diploma of Specialist (5 years, post-1991)

4/5

Belgium

Licencie/Licentiaat, Ingenieur, Architecte

14/20

Belize

Bachelor (from UWI)

Class II, Upper; 80/100

Benin

Maitrise (4 years)

14/20

Bolivia

Licenciatura (Licenciado), Ingeniero, Professional Title

80/100

Bosnia-Herzegovina

Diploma Visoko Obrazovanja (4-6 years)

4/5

Botswana

Bachelor (4 or 5 years)

Second Class, First Division

Brazil

Bacharelado, Bacherel, Licenciado/Licenciatura, Professional Title (4 years)

7.5/10

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Brunei Darussalam

Bachelor (4 years)

Class II Honours, Upper

Bulgaria

Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (pre-2001), Bakalavr/Bachelor (4 years)

4.5/6

Burkina Faso

Maitrise, Diplome d’Ingenieur (4 years)

14/20

Burundi

Licence, Diplome d’Ingenieur (4 years)

70/100

Cameroon

Licence, Bachelor, Professional Title (4 years)

15/20

Central African Republic

Maitrise, Specialized Diplome, Professional Title (4-6 years)

15/20

Chad

Maitrise

14/20

Chile

Licenciatura, Professional Title (4 year)

5.5/7

China, People’s Republic of

Bachelor (4 years) from a recognized university

80/100

Colombia

Licenciatura, Professional Title (4 year)

3.7/5

Congo

Licence plus a DUEL or DUES, Diplome d’Ingenieur (3-5 years)

14/20

Congo (Democratic Republic of)

Licence, Diplome d’Ingenieur, Docteur en Medecine

70/100

Costa Rica

Bachillerato universitario, Licenciatura

8/10

Cote D’Ivoire

Maitrise, Diplome d’Ingenieur (4 years)

15/20

Croatia

Diploma (4-6 years)

4/5

Cuba

Licenciado, Professional Title (4 years)

4/5

Cyprus

Ptychion, Bachelor

7.5/10

Czech Republic

Bakalar, Absolvent Vysoke Skoly, Inzenyr, Professional Title (3-4 years)

2/5 (reverse scale)

Denmark

Candidatus Philosophiae, Professional Title, Bachelor

12-Scale: 7/12

13-Scale: 9/13

Dominican Republic

Licenciado, Licenciatura

3/4

Ecuador

Licenciado, Professional Title (4 years)

8/10

Egypt

Bachelor/Baccalaureos

Very Good

El Salvador

Licenciado, Professional Title (4 years)

8/10

Eritrea

Bachelor (4 years)

3/4

Estonia

Diplom/Bakalaureusekraad (4 years)

4/5

Ethiopia

Bachelor (4 year)
Qualifying program may be required

3/4

Fiji

Bachelor

B

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Finland

Kandidaatti/Kandidat

3/5 or 2/3

France

Maitrise, Diplomes des Grandes Ecoles, Diplome d'Ingenieur, Certificat d’Aptitude au Professorat de l’Enseignment Secondaire, Certificat d’Aptitude au Professorat de l’Enseignment Technique

12/20

Gabon

Maitrise (4 years), Diplome d’Ingenieur

Bien

The Gambia

Bachelor

3.0/4.3

Georgia

Bakalavris Akademiuri Khariskhi with Diplomi Tsarchinebit (5 years) or Magistris Khariskhi

4/5

Germany

Bachelor degree, Diplom, Magister Artium, Staatsexamen/Staatsprufung

2/5 (reverse scale)

Ghana

Bachelor

Upper Second Class

Greece

Pytchion, Bachelor

7.5/10

Guatemala

Licenciado/Licenciatura, Professional Title (4 years)

75/100

Guinea

Licence (4 years), Maitrise, Diplome d’Etudes superieures (DES), Diplome d'Ingenieur

14/20

Guyana

Bachelor (4 year)

Good - B

Haiti

Licence/Professional Title/Diplome d'Etudes Superieures

83/100

Honduras

Bachillerato universitario, Licenciatura, Professional Title

85/100

Hong Kong

Bachelor (Honours)

Class II (Upper/Division I)

Hungary

Egyetemi Oklevel (4 years)

4/5

Iceland

Baccalaureatus (Bachelor), Candidatus

7.25/10

India

Completion of at minimum a 4-year Bachelor degree or, completion of both a Bachelor degree (less than 4 years in length) and a Master degree 

First Class

Indonesia

Sarjana, Pasca Sarjana (pre 1981), Sarjana (S1) (post 1981)

3/4

Iran

Bachelor, Licence, Karshenasi

15/20

Iraq

Bachelor (4 years)

75/100

Ireland

Bachelor

Second Class Honours, Grade 1

Israel

Bachelor

78/100

Italy

Diploma di Laure, Corsi Di Specializzazione Di Primo Livello, Corsi Di Master, Universitario Di Primo Livello, Licenza Di Accademia Di Belle Arti

25/30

Jamaica

Bachelor (Honours)

Second Class, Upper Division

Japan

Bachelor (Gakushi Shogo)

77/100

Jordan

Bachelor (4 years)

Very Good

Kazakhstan

Diploma of Specialist

4/5

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Kenya

Bachelor with Honours (4 years)

Second Class Honours (upper division)

Korea (South)

Bachelor

80/100

Kuwait

Bachelor (4 years)

3/4

Kyrgyzstan

Diplom Specialista, Bakalvr

4/5

Latvia

Bakalaurs (4 years)

8/10

Lebanon

Bachelor, Licence (4 years)

15/20

Lesotho

Bachelor (4 years)

Very Good - B

Liberia

Bachelor (4 years)

80/100

Libya

Bachelor

75/100

Lithuania

Bakalaurus (4 years), Specialist Diploma

8/10

Macao Sar (China)

Licenciatura (4 years)

Very Good

Macedonia

Visoko Obrazovanja, Diplomiran

7.5/10

Madagascar

Maitrise (4 years)

14/20

Malawi

Bachelor

70/100 or 5/6

Malaysia

Bachelor (4 years)

Class 2 div 1

Mali

Diplome D’Etudes Universitaires Approfondies, Diplome De L’Ecole Normale Superieure

14/20

Malta

Bachelor, Professional Title

Second Class, Upper

Mauritania

Diplome (5 years), Maitrise

14/20

Mauritius

Bachelor with Honours (3 years)

Second Class, Division 1

Mexico

Licenciatura, Professional Title, Profesor/Maestro

8/10

Moldova

Diploma de Licenta, Diploma de Ingenieur, Diploma of Specialist

7/10

Mongolia

Master

B

Morocco

Licence, Maitrise, Diplome d’Ingenieur (4 years), Diplome d’Ingenieur d’Etat (5 years), Diplome d’Architecture (6 years), Diplome Superieur (4 years)

14/20

Mozambique

Licenciatura

15/20

Myanmar

Bachelor (5 years)

75/100

Namibia

Bachelor (4 years)

75/100

Nepal

Bachelor plus Master OR Bachelor (4 years)

Division I

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Netherlands

Doctoraal/Doctorandus (Drs.), Ingenieur (Ir.), Meester (Mr.)

7/10

New Zealand

Bachelor (4 years)

B

Nicaragua

Licenciatura, Professional Title

80/100

Niger

Maitrise, Diplome d’Agronomie Approfondie/D’Ingenieur Agronome, Docteur en Medecine

14/20

Nigeria

Honours Bachelor

2nd Class, Upper Division

Norway

Candidatus Magisterii, Sivilingenior, Sivilokonom

2/4 (reverse scale)

Oman

Bachelor (4 years)

3/4

Pakistan

Completion of at minimum a 4-year Bachelor degree or, completion of both a Bachelor degree (less than 4 years in length) and a Master degree 

First Division

Palestine Territory (West Bank & Gaza)

Bachelor (4 years)

3/4

Panama

Licenciado/Licenciatura, Titulo (4 years)

85/100

Papua New Guinea

Bachelor (Honours)

Class II, Division A

Paraguay

Licenciado, Professional Title (4 years)

3.7/5.0

Peru

Licenciatura/Licenciado, Professional Title (4 years)

15/20

Philippines

Bachelor plus Master

2/5 (reverse scale)

Poland

Magister, Magister Inzynier, Lekarz Medycyny, Dyplom Lekarza

3/6

Portugal

Licenciado/Licenciatura (4 years)

15/20

Puerto Rico

Bachelor (4 years)

3/4

Qatar

Bachelor's (5 year)

3.3/4

Romania

Diploma de Licenta, Diploma de Inginer, Diploma de Architect, Diploma de Doctor

7/10

Russia

Bakalavr, Diploma (Specialist), Magistr

4/5

Rwanda

Maitrise, Diplome d'Ingenieur

70/100

Saudi Arabia

Bachelor (4 years)

Very good, 80/100

Senegal

Maitrise (4 years)

14/20

Serbia

Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja (4 years)

7.5/10

Sierra Leone

Honours Bachelor

Second Class

Singapore

Bachelor (4 years)

Class II, Div. 1

Slovakia

Old system: Diplom, Absolvent Vysoke Skoly, Inzenyr, MUDr., MVDr.
New system: Bakalavr (4 years), Magister

Velmi Dobrye

Slovenia

Univerzitetni Diplomirani (4 years)

7.5/10

Soloman Islands

Bachelor

3/4.5

Somalia

Bachelor, Laurea (4 years)

25/30

South Africa

Honours Bachelor (4 years)

Second Class, Division 1

Spain

Licenciado/Licenciatura, Ingeniero, Professional Title (4 years)

7.5/10

Sri Lanka

Bachelor (Special), Professional Title (4 years)

Second Class, First Division

Sudan

Honours Bachelor (5 years)

3/4

Suriname

Bachelor (4 years)

Met Genoegen

Swaziland

Bachelor (4 years)

First Class; 70/100

Sweden

Post Bologna: Kandidatexamen (Degree of Bachelor)
Pre Bologna: Magisterexamen

VG, Val Godkand

Switzerland

Lizentiat/Licence, Diploma/Diplome, Staatsdiplom, Diplome d’Etat

5/6

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Syria

Licence, Bachelor

Very Good

Taiwan

Bachelor (4 years)

80/100

Tajikistan

Bakalavr, Diplom of Specialist (4-5 years)

4/5

Tanzania

Bachelor (Honours, 4 years), Master's

Second Class Honours, Upper

Thailand

Bachelor (4 years)

3/4

Togo

Maitrise, Diplome d’Ingenieur (4 years)

14/20

Trinidad and Tobago

Bachelor (Honours, 4 years)

Second Class, Upper Division

Tunisia

Licence, Diplome d'Ingenieur, Maitrise, (4 years)

14/20

Turkey

Lisans Diplomasi, Muhendis Diplomasi

3/4

Turkmenistan

Specialist Diploma, Bakalavr

4/5

Uganda

Bachelor (4 years), Master

Class II, Honours Upper

Ukraine

Bakalavr (4 years), Diplom of Specialist, Magistr (pre 2005)

4/5

United Arab Emirates

Bachelor (4 years)

80/100

United Kingdom

BA, BSc, BMus, BArch, B. Eng
Scotland - MA, MSc

Upper Second Class Honours

United States

Bachelor

3/4

Uruguay

Licenciatura/Licenciado, Professional Title (4 years)

8/12

Uzbekistan

Bakalavr (4 years)

Good or 71/100

Vanuatu

Bachelor

B or 65/100

Venezuela

Licenciatura/Licenciado, Professional Title (4 years)

7/9

Vietnam

Bang Tot Nghiep Dai Hoc, Bang Ci Nhan (4 years)

7.5/10

West Indies

Bachelor

Second Class, Upper Division

Yemen

Bachelor (4 years)

Very Good

Zambia

Bachelor (4 years)

70/100

Zimbabwe

Bachelor

Second Class, Upper Division

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