The Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology (WIN) presents a Distinguished Lecture by Professor Lynden A. Archer, William C. Hooey Director and James A. Friend Family Distinguished Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at Cornell University, United States.Lecture: 3:00-4:00pm
Electrolyte Design Principles for Lithium Metal Batteries
This talk considers the stability of electrodeposition of reactive metals such as lithium and sodium on planar electrodes with the goal of enabling next-generation secondary batteries based on lithium and sodium metal anodes. Such batteries promise substantial improvements in electrochemical energy storage over todays’s state-of-the art lithium ion technology and are under active investigation worldwide.
Development of a practical rechargeable lithium metal battery (LMB) remains a challenge due to uneven lithium electrodeposition and formation of ramified denderitic electrodeposits during repeated cycles of charge and discharge. Known consequences of unstable electrodeposition in LMBs include accumulation of electrically disconnected regions of the anode or “dead lithium”, thermal runaway of the cell, and internal short circuits, which limit cell lifetime and may pose serious hazards if a flammable, liquid electrolyte is used in a LMB. Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are designed to eliminate the most serious of these problems by hosting the lithium in a graphitic carbon substrate, but this configuration is not entirely immune from uneven lithium plating and dendrite formation. Specifically, the small potential difference separating lithium intercalation into versus lithium plating onto graphite, means that a too quickly charged or overcharged LIB may fail by similar mechanisms as a LMB.
Using a continuum transport analysis for electrodeposition in a structured electrolyte in which a fraction of the anions are fixed in space, the talk will show that electrodeposition at the lithium anode can be stabilized through rational design of the electrolyte and salt. Building upon these ideas, the talk will explore structure and transport in novel nanoporous hybrid electrolyte configurations designed to stabilize metal anodes against dendritic electrodeposition and premature failure. Finally, the talk will explore an application of these electrolyte designs for LMBs to evaluate stability conditions deduced from theory.
Professor Lynden Archer
Lynden Archer is the William C. Hooey Director and James A Friend Family Distinguished Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at Cornell University. His research focuses on transport properties of polymers and polymer/particle hybrids, and their applications for electrochemical energy storage technology. Archer received his Ph.D. in chemical engineering from Stanford University in 1993 and the bachelor of science degree in chemical engineering (polymer science) from the University of Southern California in 1989. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society. His research contributions have been recognized with various awards, including the AICHE Nanoscale Science and Engineering Forum award, the National Science Foundation Award for Special Creativity, the NSF Distinguished Lectureship, and the American Institute of Chemical Engineer’s MAC Centeniell Engineer award. At Cornell, he has been recognized with the James & Mary Tien Excellence in Teaching Award and twice with the Merrill Presidential award as the most influential member of the Cornell faculty selected by a Merrill Presidential Scholar awardee.
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