Dicke's Superradiance in Astrophysics
Fereshteh Rajabi, University of Western Ontario
It is generally assumed that in the interstellar medium much of the emission emanating from atomic and molecular transitions within a radiating gas happen independently for each atom or molecule, but as was pointed out by R. H. Dicke in a seminal paper several decades ago this assumption does not apply in all conditions. As will be discussed in my presentation, and following Dicke's original analysis, closely packed atoms/molecules can interact with their common electromagnetic field and radiate coherently through an effect he named superradiance.
Entanglement and Purcell Effects in Systems for Quantum Information and Sensing
Stephen K. Gray, Argonne National Laboratory
I discuss how to propagate the quantum mechanical density matrix, including dephasing, spontaneous emission and dissipation for systems relevant to quantum information and sensing. Two applications are then presented. In the first example, a plasmonic system is coupled to quantum dots. The plasmonic system could be a single metal nanoparticle or an array of metal nanoparticles and can be viewed as an optical resonator.
Graphs and Multi-mode Coupling: How to build a programmable, directional parametric amplifier
Jose Aumentado, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder
Parametric amplification is a big deal these days, especially for research in superconducting quantum information. This is because, in principle, parametric amplifiers can amplify a signal while adding the minimum amount of noise that quantum mechanics allows. In practice, the situation is a little more complicated and the practical measurement chains can degrade this ideal performance.
Efficient Quantum Algorithms for Simulating Lindblad Evolution
Cybersecurity is Hard. Up for a Challenge?
Mark McArdle, eSentire
Pure technology approaches to cybersecurity consistently fail to prevent hackers from breaching networks and systems. The pursuit of a pure technology solution to cybersecurity is going to require significant breakthroughs in AI and machine learning. Come join a discussion about why cybersecurity is such a hard problem and review some promising areas of research that may bring positive changes.
Generation and Spectral Characterization of High-Purity Biphotons
Franco Wong, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Spectrally factorable biphotons are highly desirable for many photonic quantum information processing tasks such as quantum computation, boson sampling, and quantum repeaters. We generate biphotons with spectral purity of 99%, the highest to date without any spectral filtering, by pulsed spontaneous parametric downconversion in a custom-fabricated PPKTP crystal under extended Gaussian phase-matching conditions.
John Donohue of the Department of Physics and Astronomy is defending his thesis:
Ultrafast manipulation of single photons using dispersion and sum-frequency generation
John is supervised by Associate Professor Kevin Resch.
Public lecture by Charles W. Clark
Much of what we understand about the world comes from our eyes, which sense the colors from red to violet that are expressed in the rainbow.
Twisting the neutron wavefunction
Charles W. Clark, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Wave motions in water were already familiar in antiquity. The mathematical representation of waves in physics today is essentially the same as that first provided by d'Alembert and Euler in the mid-18th century. Yet it was only in the early 1990s that physicists managed to control a basic property of light waves: their capability of swirling around their own axis of propagation.
Post-Quantum Key Exchange for the Internet and the Open Quantum Safe Project
Douglas Stebila, McMaster University
Most public key cryptography algorithms used on the Internet are based on mathematical problems which could be broken by large-scale quantum computers. This motivates the field of post-quantum cryptography, which aims to construct public key cryptosystems that are believed to be secure even against quantum computers. Since a future quantum computer could retroactively break the confidentiality of today's communications, it is important to begin transitioning public key encryption and key exchange to quantum-resistant algorithms.
SIC-POVMs and algebraic number theory
John Yard, Institute for Quantum Computing
SIC-POVMs (Symmetric Informationally Complete Positive Operator-Valued Measures) are certain extremal rank-1 projective measurements corresponding to maximal sets of complex equiangular lines as well as to minimal complex projective 2-designs. They are conjectured to exist in every finite-dimensional complex Hilbert space as orbits of generalized Pauli groups.
If you're coming from the Lazaridis Centre, take the 11:35am shuttle from QNC to RAC1, and they can return to QNC from RAC1 @ 1:15pm.
A light lunch will be provided.
Contextuality as a resource for quantum computation
Juan Bermejo Vega
A central question in quantum computation is to identify the resources that are responsible for quantum speed-up. Quantum contextuality has been recently shown to be a resource for quantum computation with magic states for odd-prime dimensional qudits and two-dimensional systems with real wavefunctions. The phenomenon of state-independent contextuality poses a priori an obstruction to characterizing the case of regular qubits, the fundamental building block of quantum computation.
Quantum Engineering of Superconducting Qubits
William Oliver, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Superconducting qubits are coherent artificial atoms assembled from electrical circuit elements and microwave optical components. Their lithographic scalability, compatibility with microwave control, and operability at nanosecond time scales all converge to make the superconducting qubit a highly attractive candidate for the constituent logical elements of a quantum information processor.
A proof of the quantum data processing inequality with a combinatorial flavour
Ashwin Nayak, Institute for Quantum Computing
The quantum data processing inequality (equivalently, the strong sub-additivity of von Neumann entropy) is a cornerstone of quantum information theory. It has been proven in numerous ways, each proof highlighting different aspects of the property.