|Title||Effect of Metals on Kinetic Pathways of Amyloid-β Aggregation|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Hane, F., and Z. Leonenko|
|Keywords||Alzheimer’s disease, amyloid aggregation, amyloid-metal effects, multiple pathways kinetics|
Metal ions, including copper and zinc, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease through a variety of mechanisms including increased amyloid-β affinity and redox effects. Recent reports have demonstrated that the amyloid-β monomer does not necessarily travel through a definitive intermediary en-route to a stable amyloid fibril structure. Rather, amyloid-β misfolding may follow a variety of pathways resulting in a fibrillar end-product or a variety of oligomeric end-products with a diversity of structures and sizes. The presence of metal ions has been demonstrated to alter the kinetic pathway of the amyloid-β peptide which may lead to more toxic oligomeric end-products. In this work, we review the contemporary literature supporting the hypothesis that metal ions alter the reaction pathway of amyloid-β misfolding leading to more neurotoxic species.