|Title||Pseudo-peptide amyloid-β blocking inhibitors: Molecular dynamics and single molecule force spectroscopy study|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Mehrazma, B., M. Robinson, S. Opare, A. Petoyan, J. Lou, F. Hane, A. Rauk, and Z. Leonenko|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics|
By combining MD simulations and AFS experimental technique, we demonstrated a powerful approach for rational design and single molecule testing of novel inhibitor molecules which can block amyloid-amyloid binding - the first step of toxic amyloid oligomer formation. We designed and tested novel pseudo-peptide amyloid-β (Aβ) inhibitors that bind to the Aβ peptide and effectively prevent amyloid-amyloid binding. First, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have provided information on the structures and binding characteristics of the designed pseudo-peptides targeting amyloid fragment Aβ (13-23). The binding affinities between the inhibitor and Aβ as well as the inhibitor to itself have been estimated using Umbrella Sampling calculations. Atomic Force Spectroscopy (AFS) was used to experimentally test several proposed inhibitors in their ability to block amyloid-amyloid binding - the first step of toxic amyloid oligomer formation. The experimental AFS data are in a good agreement with theoretical MD calculations and demonstrate that three proposed pseudo-peptides bind to amyloid fragment with different affinities and all effectively prevent Aβ-Aβ binding in similar way. We propose that the designed pseudo-peptides can be used as potential drug candidates to prevent Aβ toxicity in Alzheimer's disease.