Breithaupt Hewetson Clark collection

This collection, donated to the University of Waterloo in 1988 by the family of the late Rosa Breithaupt Hewetson Clark and Spencer Clark, includes family papers from three families, the Breithaupt family, the Hewetson family, and the Clark family; records from the Guild of All Arts in Scarborough, Ontario, founded by Rosa Breithaupt Hewetson Clark and Spencer Clark; and several smaller collections acquired by the Breithaupt family and by Spencer Clark.

The personal library of Spencer Clark, which includes many books, periodicals, government documents, and ephemeral items, was donated together with the archival collections, and is particularly strong in the fields of urban planning, architecture, and Canadian art.

Detailed finding aids are available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

Bibliography of works using sources from the Breithaupt Hewetson Clark Collection

The list provided includes books, articles, pamphlets and theses, primarily of a scholarly nature, that have been written using the resources in the collection. It is not exhaustive, but it is ongoing. We will be adding to it periodically and encourage readers to inform us about titles that might be included, either ones they are familiar with or which they have written themselves. We hope you will find this list both informative and useful.

View a printable version of the publication list.


The Breithaupt Family

The Breithaupt family records, which occupy 125 linear feet of shelf space, document the history of the Breithaupt family of Kitchener, Ontario.

A wealth of family correspondence is available. These letters range from descriptions of domestic details such as Emma Breithaupt's graphic description of conditions in Berlin (Kitchener) during the disastrous influenza epidemic of 1918-1919, to business materials related to the operation of the tannery.

Business documents, ledgers, and other financial records document various family enterprises, such as the street railway, the tannery, the gas works, and land acquisition.

Diaries kept by several family members, such as Louis Jacob Breithaupt and William Henry Breithaupt, depict the family's domestic and business life in the community as well as many local events of historical significance.

An extensive and varied collection of photographs provides a source of visual documentation for the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in Canada.

The collection includes material related to the following family members:

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Liborius Breithaupt, d. 1851.

Liborius Breithaupt, his wife, Catharine, and their 16-year-old son, Louis, emigrated from Hesse (Germany) to Buffalo in 1844, and moved to the Kitchener-Waterloo area in 1861. The collection includes Liborius Breithaupt's 1844 journal and account book, which opens with his description of the family's crossing of the Atlantic.

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Barbara Catherine Breithaupt (nee Goetz), 1801-1887.

The collection includes six letters received by Catherine Breithaupt from various correspondents and one undated, incomplete letter believed to have been written by her. The book collection includes her Bible.

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Louis Breithaupt, 1827-1880.

Included are various legal documents concerning the estate of Louis Breithaupt, documents related to the tannery, newspaper clippings, correspondence, and biographical material.

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Catherine Breithaupt (nee Hailer), 1834-1910.

The collection includes documents related to the estate of Catherine Breithaupt, a small selection of correspondence, biographical, and business material, and her 1888 diary which documents her trip to Allendorf, Germany. Transcriptions and a translation of this diary are available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room. Also included is a large photograph album, "Tour 1888 C.B."

For addition material related to Catherine Breithaupt, see the Wagner Hailer family fonds.

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Louis Jacob Breithaupt, 1855-1939.

Louis Jacob Breithaupt was a local industrialist, Mayor of Kitchener, and area M.P.P. In his diaries, written from 1867 to 1929, he documented both his family's social and business life and many local events: the dramatic Friedensfest of 1871 celebrating the end of the Franco-Prussian War; the transport of local troops to the Northwest Rebellion; and the extreme reactions in the primarily German community during the tumultuous period of World War I. The diaries give a detailed outline of Waterloo County life through the eyes of an intelligent and acutely aware observer. Transcriptions and translations of the diaries are available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

Also included in the collection are: correspondence, personal and business documents, newspaper clippings, business ledgers, and photographs.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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William Henry Breithaupt, 1857-1944.

The diaries of William Henry Breithaupt, an entrepreneur and professional engineer, contain notes on town planning in Kitchener, environmental protection of the Grand River watershed and early local public works projects such as public transportation, the Berlin and Waterloo Railway and later the Bridgeport Line, and water and power supply.

The history of the Berlin Gas Works is documented in the diaries and also in correspondence with his brother, Ezra Carl, also an engineer, who died in 1897 in an explosion at the Gas Works.

Also included in the collection are various documents related to W.H. Breithaupt's work as President of the Waterloo Historical Society, correspondence, manuscripts of articles he wrote for historical publications, business documents, and drawings and plans of various buildings.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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Emma Alvarene Breithaupt (nee Devitt), 1860-1925.

The collection includes correspondence, diaries, a scrapbook, and biographical information.

A related collection, the Devitt Family, is also available.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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Melvina Emilia Bauman (nee Breithaupt), 1863-1954.

The collection includes correspondence, notably 26 undated letters and cards sent to her niece, Rosa Melvina Breithaupt Hewetson Clark, 1930-1950, documents related to the estate of Melvina Bauman, etc.

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Ezra Carl Breithaupt, 1866-1897.

The collection includes biographical information, notebooks, and drawings.

Ezra Carl Breithaupt, a professional engineer, perished in an explosion at the Berlin Gas Works in 1897. Documents relevant to the history of the Gas Works are included in the collection.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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Louise Evelyn Parry (nee Breithaupt), 1882-1939.

The collection includes biographical information and a small selection of correspondence.

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Emma Lillian Breithaupt, 1884-1951.

Lillian Breithaupt was active in many church groups in Kitchener, Ontario, and was a leader in the local cultural community.

The collection includes biographical information, correspondence, notably letters to her sisters, Rosa Melvina Breithaupt Hewetson Clark, and Martha Edna Breithaupt, and documents related to the estate of Lillian Breithaupt.

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Martha Edna Breithaupt, 1885-1963.

The collection includes newspaper clippings, documents related to various organizations in which Edna Breithaupt took part (such as the Kitchener- Waterloo Music Club), correspondence, photographs, biographical material, and documents related to her estate.

Of particular interest are the various documents which reflect Edna Breithaupt's role in the Grange Studios and the Art Students' League in Toronto, and the artists' colony, Wakunda, in the Georgian Bay area.

A small selection of material (newspaper clippings, photographs, etc.) related to the years she spent working in the public health field in China during the 1920's is present.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

The book collection includes a number of books from the personal library of Edna Breithaupt.

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Louis Orville Breithaupt, 1890-1960.

Louis Orville Breithaupt had a distinguished career in Ontario politics as Mayor of Kitchener, Member of Parliament, and as Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario.

The collection includes newspaper clippings, biographical information, photographs, and correspondence with various family members.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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William Walter Breithaupt, 1894-1977.

The collection includes biographical information, newspaper clippings, and correspondence with various family members.

Of particular interest are the letters written home by William Walter Breithaupt during his army service during World War I.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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Catherine Olive Bennett (nee Breithaupt), 1896-1977.

Catherine Breithaupt Bennett was the youngest sister of Rosa Melvina Breithaupt Hewetson Clark. She was educated at Berlin Collegiate Institute, Ontario Ladies' College (Whitby), Boston University School of Social Service and Related Religious Education, the New England Conservatory of Music, and the Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto. She lived most of her adult life in Boston and maintained close ties with her Ontario family. In her adult life, she was active in matters related to her husband's church, in music, choirs, and art. Her art work was frequently exhibited and in 1976 she was awarded the Sarah Parker Award by the Fitchburg Gallery.

These papers are made up of two parts. The first represents materials located by Mrs. Bennett's son, Charles Bennett, in his parents' home in Fitchburg, Mass. They complement the small collection of Bennett Papers which are part of the Breithaupt Hewetson Clark Collection donated in 1988.

Of particular importance are the letters written by family members to Catherine from 1913 to 1915 while she was at Ontario Ladies' College. These letters describe local Berlin (Kitchener) events during the early years of World War I--a very conflict-ridden time in the community as a result of anti-German sentiment.

Also of note in the correspondence is a 1917 letter from A.Y. Jackson, in which he gives his thoughts on the war.

Included are personal documents, newspaper clippings, diaries (1909, 1913, 1914, 1917, 1968), numerous photographs, works of art, school notebooks, realia, and correspondence (extensive).

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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Paul Theodore Breithaupt, 1903-1961.

The collection includes newspaper clippings, biographical information, business documents, etc.

Paul Breithaupt joined his sister, Edna, in active support of the fine arts, including the Grange Studios and the Art Students' League in Toronto during the early 1930's.

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Rosa Melvina Breithaupt Hewetson Clark, 1888-1981.

The Breithaupt Hewetson Clark Collection includes diaries, correspondence, photographs, realia, and ephemera from Rosa Breithaupt Hewetson Clark. The earliest of her diaries is from 1900, when she was only 12 years of age.

Rosa Breithaupt Hewetson Clark was the daughter of Louis Jacob Breithaupt (1855-1939), local industrialist and politician, and Emma Breithaupt (nee Devitt) (1860-1925). Rosa was educated first locally in Kitchener and later at Ontario Ladies' College where she was a gold medallist in art.

In 1917, she married A. Russell Hewetson of Brampton whom she had met as a result of their involvement in the Christian Endeavour Movement. Following his death in 1928, she became active in his family's company, Hewetson Shoes. Hoping to implement in Hewetson Shoes the co-operative ownership and profit-sharing plans in which her late husband had been interested, Rosa met with fellow-thinker, H. Hapgood, of the Columbia Conserve Co., and later with Professor Henri Lassere of the University of Toronto. It was while organizing the Robert Owen Foundation in Toronto with Lassere that Rosa Hewetson met her future husband, H. Spencer Clark.

Rosa Breithaupt Hewetson Clark continued the family's tradition of public service, support of the arts, and social concerns. Rosa and Spencer Clark expanded on these ideals in various ways: they founded one of the earliest Canadian co-operative communities of artists and creative workers at the Guild of All Arts in Scarborough; they incorporated and adapted British "garden city" planning principles into the unique community of Guildwood Village, a Toronto suburb; they pursued artistic, cultural, and collecting interests and hobbies throughout the course of their long lives.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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The Guild of All Arts.

The Guild of All Arts, founded in 1932, began as a co-operative arts and crafts community with similarities to Roycroft in East Aurora, New York. During the Second World War, the Guild became "HMCS Bytown", a training school for the WRENS, and later served as a rehabilitation facility. Finally, it developed into a historic country inn with extensive gardens overlooking the Scarborough Bluffs. The Guild's hotel operations and expansion were guided and overseen in detail by Rosa and Spencer Clark. The history of the Guild of All Arts is documented in the correspondence of Spencer Clark. The correspondence covers a span of fifty years and includes letters between Spencer Clark and a number of notable people, such as Sir Raymond Unwin, leader in the field of town planning in Great Britain, and William Davis, former premier of Ontario.

In addition to the correspondence files, the Breithaupt Hewetson Clark Collection includes files which document all aspects of the operation and history of the Guild of All Arts, and "topical" files which contain a wealth of information about artists and craftsmen in Ontario, the history of Scarborough, tourist literature, to name but a few of the topics covered.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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Herbert Spencer Clark, 1903-1986.

Herbert Spencer Clark, born and educated in Toronto, graduated from the University of Toronto School of Applied Sciences in 1924, and pursued an engineering career for several years, most notably with the Ontario Hydro Electric Power Commission in building the Queenston-Chippewa Power Station.

In the summer of 1931, he visited Europe as part of a study group led by Dr. Sherwood Eddy. Members of the group observed social and economic conditions in the major nations of Europe, including the Soviet Union. In addition to his diary's account of this interesting trip, the collection includes a unique scrapbook compiled by Spencer Clark, and many photographs.

Spencer Clark's diaries document his youth, his student days, his engineering career, and his travels, as well as his life and career following his marriage to Rosa and the founding of the Guild of All Arts in 1932. The diaries of this introspective man of many interests and seemingly boundless energy reflect many of the social issues and concerns of the 1920's and 1930's.

A prolific correspondent, Spencer Clark not only kept copies of many of the letters he received over the course of his lifetime, he frequently retained copies of his own letters.

The idealism of Spencer Clark's youth was translated into practical terms following the founding of the Guild of All Arts, and his activities expanded to include a key role in the development of Guildwood Village and the transformation of the Guild from centre for artists and craftsmen during the pre-war period to hotel and conference centre following the war. In the 1960's and 70's, the focus shifted once more, this time to the area of public sculpture, architectural conservancy and preservation.

In addition to correspondence, diaries, photographs, and other documents, Spencer Clark collected published material and ephemera on numerous topics. The collection includes his personal library, as well as an extensive selection of files which reflect his varied interests.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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Guildwood Village.

Documents related to Guildwood Village include: background information about its original inspiration (e.g. garden cities elsewhere in the world); documents about the planning and construction of Guildwood Village; documents about the various companies involved in many aspects of the project; reports and studies on Guildwood Village; newspaper clippings and journal articles about Guildwood Village.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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The Hewetson Family

Included are documents related to the following members of the Hewetson family:

  • Alfred Russell Hewetson, 1888-1928
  • Ruth Evelyn Matthews Langley (nee Hewetson)
  • Rosemary Amell (nee Hewetson)
  • Dorothy Leonard (nee Hewetson)
  • J. Russell Hewetson
  • Vera Davis (nee Hewetson), William Grenville Davis, and the Davis family

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The Clark Family

The Clark Family files are divided into two sections, subject files, and correspondence files.

Included in each subject file are a variety of materials: clippings, notes by Spencer Clark and others.

The correspondence files contain correspondence between family members other than Spencer Clark. Photocopies and/or typed transcripts of letters often accompany the originals.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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The Devitt Family

The material in these files concerns the Devitt family of Waterloo, and includes some material on the history of the City of Waterloo.

Much of the material is from Emma Alvarene Breithaupt, the wife of Louis Jacob Breithaupt. Emma's mother was Nancy Devitt (nee Bowman), the wife of an early Waterloo settler, Benjamin Devitt.

This file (2 inches of material), is made up of photographs, newspaper clippings, some correspondence on family matters, etc. Among the photographs is one titled, "Surviving ex-pupils of the first school in Waterloo, 1820- 1842", dated 1895. Benjamin Devitt is included in the photograph.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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Lucy Doyle

Lucy Doyle (d. 1971) was a well-known newspaper reporter and amateur historian. Her career at the Toronto Telegram began in the 1890's with work as a "copy girl". She eventually became a reporter, drama and music critic, gossip columnist, and editor of the women's page at the Telegram. Among the highlights of her newspaper career was the opportunity to cover the Prince of Wales' tours of Canada and the United States. She spent her later years doing research for several planned but never published books, including a biography of the Prince of Wales and a work about the history of Scarborough. For 18 years, she occupied a log cabin on the grounds of the Guild of All Arts in Scarborough, Ontario, as the guest of Spencer and Rosa Clark.

The collection includes research notes compiled by Lucy Doyle, correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, maps, and files maintained by Spencer and Rosa Clark about Ms. Doyle (newspaper clippings, correspondence, etc.) Books from her personal library are also available.

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Denison Archives

The Denison family arrived in North America in 1792. They were United Empire Loyalists and a military family.

This collection consists partly of letters to and from Lt. Col. Frederick C. Denison, M.P. The content of the letters deals primarily with his activities as a Member of Parliament for West Toronto.

Also included are notebooks, reports, and realia collected by members of the Denison family.

A detailed finding aid is available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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Related materials

Since the original donation in 1988, many family members have donated material from their respective branches of the Breithaupt family--diaries, letters, photographs, film footage, books, and even a birth certificate featuring a rare example of Fraktur.

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Using the Breithaupt Hewetson Clark Collection

Detailed lists and finding aids which describe the contents of the collection, as well as a selection of reference materials which are helpful in using the collection, are available in the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room.

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The Breithaupt Hewetson Clark Collection Fund

The Breithaupt Hewetson Clark Collection Fund was established to help defray costs associated with processing and maintaining the collection. Contributions have enabled the Library to restore several 19th century maps and plans of Waterloo and Kitchener, and to repair the earliest pictorial item in the collection, a daguerreotype of Louis Breithaupt taken ca. 1845-50.

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