Betanin, a substance found in beet extract, is the subject presented on at the 225th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society. Researchers suggest that this compound acts as an inhibitor to stop the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. Previously, beet juice has shown to improve cognition and increase oxygen to the brain. With this in mind, researchers decided to investigate whether betanin prevents the misfolding of peptides and neuronal oxidation.
Research out of the Institute for Neuroscience at the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona have delved into how Alzheimer’s disease is expressed in other body systems other than the brain. This research has identified that the cardiovascular system seems to alter in female mice who are of advanced age and have Alzheimer’s disease. The small blood vessels of these mice are seen to have substantial changes, which alter the ability to deliver nutrients to organs and tissues and change blood pressure.
A study conducted in Sweden of 191 women ages 38 to 60 found that those with higher stamina or cardiovascular fitness were at an 88% lower risk of developing dementia than those who are moderately fit. The women completed an ergometer cycling test to measure work capacity, in which more and more resistance is added until the test is interrupted (fatigue was reached). Some individuals were unable to complete this and interrupted their test at submax levels. The study was composed of 59 “low fitness”, 92 “medium fitness” and 40 “high fitness” participants.
Researchers from the University of Regina are working to develop cameras that can detect pain for use in long-term care homes. As many residents in long-term care homes have dementia or are non-verbal, they may not be able to articulate when they are in pain. This causes pain and the underlying cause to go undetected, which reduces quality of life and can often lead to aggression or agitation. In addition, the aggression is treated with psychotropic medications, which can mask pain and increase risk of death by falls or stroke.