Does Where You Live Affect Your Risk of Developing Dementia?

Monday, March 12, 2018

Researchers from Trinity College Dublin, Ulster University and Maynooth University have found that where you live has an effect on your risk of developing cognitive impairment. The research stated that those living in disadvantaged areas had a greater risk of developing a cognitive impairment. The study examined 5 000 older adults living across Ireland, they determined disadvantaged areas by identifying  socioeconomic indicators of deprivation. The researchers isolated their data by taking into consideration confounding factors that may have skewed the results of the study. These confounders included years of formal education, smoking and alcohol consumption rates, obesity rates, higher blood pressure and diabetes risk, as well as higher numbers of people experiencing depression and/or anxiety. After isolating for these factors they determined individuals living in disadvantaged areas have a 40% higher risk of having a cognitive impairment when compared to individuals of the same age living in less deprived areas. This risk difference may be attributed to income inequality as well as a limited access to resources in disadvantaged areas. Going forward with the research they hope to influence an international policy that works to target these disadvantaged areas to provide interventions to reduce the risk of developing cognitive impairments.
SOURCE: MedicalXpress: https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-02-older-people-deprived-areas-dementia.html
DATE RETRIEVED: March 2, 2018

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