Research out of Florida Atlantic University’ Comprehensive Center for Brain Health has linked sarcopenic obesity, or skinny fat, with dementia risk. Skinny fat is a condition in which the body has low muscle mass and high body fat. The research looked at 353 participants cognitive ability in relation to their body composition. Sarcopenic obesity was associated with the lowest scores on global cognition, followed by sarcopenia alone, then obesity alone. Obesity is seen as having an additive effect on the cognitive decline through metabolic, inflammatory, and vascular mechanisms. Sarcopenia alone is linked to decreased conflict resolution abilities and attention. Knowledge of these effects can help identify people at risk of dementia. As Dr. Magdalena Tolea said, "testing grip strength by dynamometry can be easily administered within the time constraints of a clinic visit, and body mass index is usually collected as part of annual wellness visits."
SOURCE: EurekAlert!; July 5, 2018; https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/fau-fi062918.php
DATE Retrieved: July 6, 2018