Factors affecting mydriasis-free flicker ERGs recorded with real-time correction for retinal illuminance: Study of 150 young healthy subjects

TitleFactors affecting mydriasis-free flicker ERGs recorded with real-time correction for retinal illuminance: Study of 150 young healthy subjects
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKato, K., M. Kondo, R. Nagashima, A. Sugawara, M. Sugimoto, H. Matsubara, D. McCulloch, and K. Ikesugi
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume58
Pagination5280-5286
Keywordsadult, Amplitude, anatomy and histology, Article, axial length, electrophysiology, electroretinogram, Electroretinogram (ERG), electroretinography, Eye, eye axis length, female, Flicker ERG, Healthy Volunteers, human, Humans, illumination, Implicit time, Lighting, male, mydriasis, normal human, ophthalmoscopy, Photic Stimulation, photostimulation, physiology, priority journal, procedures, Prospective Studies, prospective study, pupil, Pupil size, radiation response, refraction error, RETeval, retina, retina cone, Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells, Sex, sex difference, Sex Factors, young adult
Abstract

PURPOSE. A small, full-field flicker electroretinogram (ERG) recording system was recently developed to record flicker ERGs without mydriasis (RETeval). The device delivers a stimulus with constant retinal illuminance by adjusting the retinal luminance to compensate for changes in the pupillary area. The purpose of this study was to determine what factors affect the fundamental components of the flicker ERGs recorded by RETeval in young healthy subjects. METHODS. Flicker ERGs were recorded with the RETeval system from 150 eyes of 150 young healthy subjects (age, 20–29 years). Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were performed to identify the factors that affected the implicit times and amplitudes of the fundamental component of the flicker ERGs. The independent variables included age, sex, refractive error, axial length, and pupillary area. RESULTS. Multivariate regression analyses indicated that a longer axial length (P = 0.03) and larger pupillary area (P = 0.008) were independent factors that were significantly associated with longer implicit times of the fundamental component of the flicker ERGs. Multivariate regression analyses also showed that the female sex (P = 0.03) was an independent factor, which was significantly associated with larger amplitude fundamental component of the flicker ERGs. CONCLUSIONS. These results indicate that the fundamental components of the RETeval flicker ERGs are significantly affected by the axial length, pupillary area, and sex of young healthy subjects. The results also suggest that it would be better to compensate for the Stiles-Crawford effect when flicker ERGs are recorded with natural pupils. © 2017 The Authors.

DOI10.1167/iovs.17-22587