Impact of dry eye symptoms and daily activities in a modern office

TitleImpact of dry eye symptoms and daily activities in a modern office
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
Authorsvan Tilborg, M., P. Murphy, and K. Evans
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, adult, Cross-Sectional Studies, cross-sectional study, Daily activities, Daily activity, daily life activity, Diseases, Dry eye, Dry eye symptoms, Dry Eye Syndromes, enzyme inhibition, female, human, Humans, Illness perception, Inhibition, male, middle aged, occupational disease, Occupational Diseases, occupational exposure, Office environment, Office environments, OSDI, pathophysiology, Productivity, psychology, questionnaire, Surveys, Surveys and Questionnaires, Work productivity

Purpose. Modern offices and the use of electronic devices are increasing factors in work-related eye symptoms. However, symptoms of eye fatigue or dry eye sensation can be mixed and confusing. This study surveys the eye symptoms reported during a working day at modern offices to investigate the possible inhibition on daily work activities. Methods. Two online digital surveys were sent to three different work locations, by direct e-mail. Survey A consisted of 14 questions that investigated eye symptoms experienced during daily activities at work and the impact on daily activities. Survey B consisted of four general questions, the Dutch Ocular Surface Disease Index, the Work Productivity and Activity Index, and the Illness Perception Questionnaire. Results. A total of 505 participants completed survey A, and 213 completed survey B. The participants reported that a high proportion of their day was spent working on a computer (60%). The majority experienced an air draft (79.1%) and had no adjustable light (81.5%) at their workspace. Dry eye-related symptoms were reported at a significantly higher frequency at work than at home (P <.001). Up to 70% experienced some inhibition of daily activity at work due to eye symptoms, with more than 5% experiencing symptoms most or all of the time. Indoor environment, work environment, and general health were perceived as the main reasons for developing dry eye. Compared with males, females showed a statistically significant higher Ocular Surface Disease Index score (P < .001) and experienced more inhibition and adverse effects on daily life and work productivity. Conclusions. This investigation shows that dry eye symptoms have a negative impact on daily activities at work. These findings suggest that multidisciplinary understanding of the negative impact of dry eye by a range of specialists will be of help in managing work-related dry eye. © Copyright 2017 American Academy of Optometry.