Mixed model analysis of between-subject variability in overnight corneal swelling and deswelling with silicone hydrogel lenses

TitleMixed model analysis of between-subject variability in overnight corneal swelling and deswelling with silicone hydrogel lenses
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsMoezzi, A., N. Hutchings, D. Fonn, and T. Simpson
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Keywordsadolescent, adult, adverse device effect, age, Article, Between-subject variability, Biological, biological model, biomicroscopy, central corneal thickness, Contact lenses, controlled study, Cornea, cornea edema, Corneal deswelling, Corneal Edema, corneal pachymetry, Corneal swelling, double blind procedure, Double-Blind Method, extended wear contact lens, Extended-Wear, female, human, Humans, hydrogel, Hydrogels, Hydrophilic, hydrophilic contact lens, male, middle aged, Mixed modeling, model, Models, Pachymetry, pathophysiology, priority journal, randomized controlled trial, refraction error, silicone derivative, Silicones, young adult

PURPOSE. To model between subject variability of corneal swelling (CS) and deswelling after overnight wear of silicone hydrogel (SiHy) contact lenses. METHODS. A total of 29 neophyte subjects wore 12 SiHy lenses with central transmissibility range of 31 to 211 Dk/t units on separate nights, in random order, and on one eye only. The contralateral eye served as the control. Central corneal thickness was measured using digital optical pachymetry before lens insertion, immediately after lens removal on waking, then 20, 40 minutes, 1, 2, and 3 hours later. Mixed modelling was conducted for simultaneous analysis of group and between-subject effects of CS and deswelling. RESULTS. The best model for overnight CS versus Dk/t was linear with a random intercept showing constant between-subject differences in CS for different Dk/t values. The best fit for corneal deswelling versus time was a curvilinear random intercept and random slope model. About 90% of the total between-subject deswelling variance in either lens or control eyes was due to the intercept variability with much less ( 10%) being due to the variability of the individual deswelling rate (slope). Subject age, sex, and ametropia were not predictors of individual corneal swelling in the swelling versus Dk/t analysis. Age, however, was a significant (inverse) predictor of the rate of corneal deswelling, only in lens-wearing eyes. CONCLUSIONS. A large proportion of variability in corneal swelling is because of subject-specific differences in corneal response to hypoxia. This shows that ‘‘low swellers’’ and ‘‘high swellers’’ actually do exist. © 2018 The Authors.