Peace and Conflict Studies (PACS) co-op reports are due two weeks after classes start, following the work term. Please submit your report to the dropbox on LEARN

General requirements

The work report must include all components outlined by Co-operative Education and Career Action (CECA) in their work report guidelines including a:

  • front cover
  • title page (include an accurate title, your name, ID number, University of Waterloo, your faculty, semester of employment, work report number, and name of the company or organization that employed you).
  • letter of submittal (mandatory)
  • table of contents
  • list of figures and tables (if applicable)
  • 1-page summary

Optional components include a glossary and an appendix, depending on the nature of your report and analysis.

Details and formatting instructions are available in the manual listed above. 

PACS-specific requirements

The introduction, body, and conclusion of the report must be tailored specifically for the PACS program, and thus might be slightly different than the examples listed in the Co-Op Manual.


Prepare a one page summary containing a description of the job, your role, and how your work complemented or supplemented the work of others. Also, include a statement at the bottom of the page indicating whether or not you will allow the report to be maintained in a work report archive that will be made available as a resource for future co-op students.


The work report should be an analysis, approximately 2,000 words in length, of one aspect of your job that can be related to a PACS theme.

You might analyze a particular project, an ongoing process, or a continuing duty of your position. The method of analysis is up to you, but it should demonstrate techniques and skills you have developed as a PACS student at the University of Waterloo. Any aspect of your job you found particularly interesting (positively or negatively), and that suits such an analysis, is appropriate as a topic for the work report.

PACS is about the application of peace or conflict theory to any aspect of life, any work situation can be analysed through a PACS lens. Try to be as clear and direct as possible. Define your terms. Cite the appropriate literature and specify how you will be applying the theory and literature to the rest of the report.

Note: materials produced on the job are not acceptable as work reports. You may, however, include such materials with your analysis.

Some possible topics include:

  • conflict resolution/management processes at your employer;
  • decision-making processes;
  • use of rights, interest and power;
  • analysis of corporate or institutional culture related to PACS;
  • analysis of how the employer or industry involved contributes to building a peaceful and just society;
  • communication procedures and processes;
  • how issues of gender or concerns of minority employees or staff are addressed;
  • inter-office politics or policies;
  • effects of power structures on communication in the organization;
  • analysis of use of language within the organization; and
  • techniques of collaboration, e.g. individualism vs. communitarianism.

By no means are you limited to the topics listed above. They are simply suggestions. Nor is it necessary to clear the topic with the PACS Undergrad Officer, although you are certainly welcome to discuss your topic at any time.

Conclusion and Recommendations

Summarize what you have learned from this project and experience. Suggest possible further research that might be useful to you as you apply what you learned to other work situations.


Include citations to sources you have used in preparing your report, including all articles, books, web sites and other materials used. Organize alphabetically by authors' last names, also providing year of publication, title, and other pertinent information. Citations can be in any style as long as it's consistent.

If you have any questions, speak with the PACS Undergraduate Officer.