Biotechnology/Economics program outline: Fall 2020 entry

Successfully transforming research ideas to new productive processes and products requires knowledge not only of scientific principles but also of key economic concepts. As well as requiring familiarity with science policy, it necessitates forecasting the demand for new products or processes, assessing the market for new technologies, performing cost-benefit analyses of new projects and finding the financing for them. This program is designed to give students a dual capability as scientists and economists and prepare them for careers as economic forecasters, business economists, government economists, scientific research managers, or regulatory analysts. 

Continuing in the Honours Biotechnology, Economics program requires a cumulative overall average of at least 70%, a cumulative Economics average of 70%, and a cumulative Science average of 65%.

1A Fall 1B Winter 2A Fall 2B Spring 3A Winter 3B Fall 4A Fall 4B Winter

BIOL 130

BIOL 239

BIOL 309

BIOL Elective

BIOL 331

BIOL 342

BIOL Elective 300- level or higher

BIOL 432

BIOL 240/240L

BIOL 241

CHEM 266/266L

BIOL 308

BIOL 361

CHEM Elective 200- level or higher

BIOL Elective 300- level or higher

BIOL Elective 300- level or higher

CHEM 120/120L

CHEM 123/123L


ECON 211

MGMT 220

CHEM 237

ECON 306

BIOL 443

ECON Elective 300- level or higher



CS 100

ECON 221

ECON 290

ECON 323

ECON 371

ECON 393

ECON Elective

ENGL 193/


ECON 101 

ECON 102


ECON 322

ECON 391




Successful completion of this program requires:

  1. 21.0 units distributed as follows:
  2. Co-operative program requirements that include:


Recommended BIOL electives include: BIOL 345, BIOL 354, BIOL 431, BIOL 433, BIOL 434, BIOL 441, BIOL 442, BIOL 444, and BIOL 483.