Friday, October 14, 2022

Friday, October 14, 2022 — 4:00 PM EDT
Viktor Todorov

Please Note: This seminar will be given in-person.

Distinguished Lecture Series

Viktor Todorov 
Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University

Room: EIT 1015

Recalcitrant Betas: Intraday Cross-Sectional Distributions of Systematic Risk

High-frequency financial data allows for efficient estimation of assets’ exposures to systematic risk, provided these exposures do not vary significantly at high frequencies.  We develop a test for deciding whether this is the case. The test is constructed for a panel of high-frequency asset returns, with the size of the cross-section and the sampling frequency increasing simultaneously. It is based on a comparison of the empirical characteristic functions of estimates of the assets' factor loadings at different parts of the trading day, formed from local blocks of asset returns and the corresponding factor realizations. The limiting behavior of the test statistic is governed by unobservable latent factors in the asset prices. Empirical implementation of the test to stocks in the S&P 500 index and the five Fama-French factors, as well as the momentum factor, reveals different intraday behavior of the factor loadings: assets' exposure to size, market and value risks vary systematically over the trading day while the three remaining factors do not exhibit statistically significant intraday variation. Moreover, we find diverse, and for some factors large, reactions in the assets' factor loadings to major economic or firm specific news releases. Finally, we document that time-varying correlations between the observable risk factors drive a wedge between the time-of-day pattern of market betas, estimated with and without control for the other observable risk factors.

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