Opening a bank account is one of the first things you'll do when you arrive in Canada. However due to COVID-19, travel and quarantine restrictions are in place. Therefore, you won't be able to visit a bank in person until your 14-day quarantine is over. To support yourself financially during the quarantine period, consider having an international Visa or MasterCard with you.
When you're able to, follow these steps to set up a Canadian bank account:
1. Gather your documents
You’ll need at least two pieces of identification (ID) to open a bank account in Canada. Acceptable identification may include your:
- Study permit
- Letter of Acceptance
- Travellers’ cheques
The University of Waterloo branch of CIBC (in the lower level of the Student Life Centre) will accept your WatCard as one of the pieces of identification. You should also note that some branches require you to provide your local home address in Waterloo in order to open a new account.
2. Select a bank/credit union
All of Canada's major banks have branches in Waterloo and there are also several credit unions for you to choose from. They all offer a variety of accounts and services, interest rates, and service charges. Consider these features, as well as their location, when you choose a financial institution.
- Bank of Montreal (BMO)
- Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC)
- Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC)
- Royal Bank of Canada (RBC)
- Toronto-Dominion (TD) Canada Trust
- Education Credit Union
- Libro Financial Group
- Kindred Credit Union
- Your Neighbourhood Credit Union
Once you have chosen a bank or credit union, make an appointment to set up your account.
3. Choose your account type(s)
At your appointment, you’ll set up one or more accounts. Most people have both a chequing and a savings account.
This everyday account earns little or no interest. You can regularly withdraw money, pay credit card bills, and write cheques from it.
This account type is useful for storing money over longer periods of time as your money earns more interest here than in a chequing account.
Foreign currency account:
If you want to keep some money in a different currency, you may want to open this type of account.
During your appointment, make sure that you understand your bank’s terms and conditions of service. Ask the bank about transaction fees, as these vary from bank to bank.
4. What happens next?
When you open your new account, your Canadian bank representative will give you a bank card, also known as a 'debit card'. You'll be given a PIN (personal identification number) to access your account through an ATM or debit machine. Your PIN is your only protection against unauthorized use, so do not reveal it to anyone — even bank employees. This card allows you to:
- Use Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) for withdrawals, deposits, and bill payments.
- Pay for items at stores and restaurants that accept debit card payments. This is a good alternative if you prefer not to carry too much cash on you.
Most financial institutions offer internet banking, which allows you to check your account balance, pay your bills, and transfer money without needing to visit your branch in person. Financial institutions are usually open during the day, Monday to Friday, and closed on holidays. Some branches are open on evenings and weekends.
5. Other services to consider
Signing up for a credit card
In Canada, banks generally issue one of three credit cards: Visa, MasterCard, or American Express. Visa and MasterCard are accepted at most major stores and restaurants. Credit cards are convenient, allowing you to make purchases without carrying cash and giving you a grace period before you have to pay for your purchases.
If you consider applying for a credit card, understand the terms and conditions of repayment and be certain you can pay your credit card balance on time when your bill arrives. If you do not pay your credit card bill by the due date, the company will charge you interest on the total amount of the bill, regardless of any amount you paid off over the course of the month. You'll also be charged interest on any purchases made after the due date.
Taking out bank loans and lines of credit
When you set up your account, some banks may offer you a loan or line of credit. If you accept, you may be required to provide some collateral or a safety deposit in the form of cash or goods. This collateral is usually forfeited if you do not make the payments on your loan. Once you start using the credit, you'll be charged a high interest rate if you do not pay it back according to the bank’s payment terms. If you consider a loan, be confident that you can make the payments to avoid financial penalties.