Smelters and refineries: metallurgical capacity and sustainability of metal production

Smelters and refineries are central nodes in both primary and recycled metal value chains. We are developing a database that supports materials flow analysis, business analytics and metallurgical engineering knowledge to characterize metal processing, recycling capacity, and business capability -- in support of a circular economy for metals and more sustainable sourcing of primary materials in the 21st Century.

Project contributors

Steven B. Young, Jamie Faubert

Waterloo Industrial Ecology Group

School of Environment, Enterprise and Development

FundingĀ and support

University of Waterloo