13. Do I have to cite my sources? What does a citation have to include?

Regardless of whether or not material is still protected by copyright or whether or not a license/terms of use/Copyright Act exception requires attribution, university policy requires you to cite your sources.

12. What text should I use in my syllabus to protect the copyright to my course materials?

The University has guidelines for Faculty, Staff and Students Entering Relationships with External Organizations Offering Access to Course Materials. These guidelines provide sample text (see the bottom half of the guidelines) that can be inserted in your syllabus to protect the intellectual property contained in the course, whether it is created by you or others.

17. How can I tell if the materials I find online are legal copies?

Figuring out if the content you want to use was legally posted online can be difficult. That said, there are a few things to keep in mind when assessing content that will help you make a more informed decision. If you are having difficulty figuring out if the content you want to use is a legal copy, please contact us at copyright@uwaterloo.ca.

16. Are there special rules for scanning copyrighted materials?

If you want to scan something, you may do so only if the use falls within one of the exceptions in the Copyright Act (such as fair dealing) or when no permission is required (such as scanning a work that is in the public domain).

09. What are moral rights and what do they have to do with copyright?

Moral rights are additional rights held by authors of literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works. They consist of rights that protect the integrity of a work and the reputation of its author. The right of attribution is the right to always be identified as the author of a work or to remain anonymous (for more information on attribution, see question 13).

05. How does copyright work differently in Canada and the United States?

In general, the copyright laws in the U.S. and Canada are different. For example, the U.S. has a provision known as "fair use" that is different from the Canadian equivalent ("fair dealing"). See Question 07: What is fair dealing and how does it relate to copyright? for more information.

06. How does copyright work internationally?

Copyright is recognized internationally thanks to international conventions. So, generally, your copyright will be protected in other countries, but there may be some differences in terms of how your work would be protected. If you’re concerned about someone’s use of your work outside of Canada, you will need to check the copyright laws of that jurisdiction to confirm whether the use in question infringes your copyright.