Advances in technology, like smart farming, precision agriculture and genetic advancements, have the potential to fundamentally reshape the future of work and the development of rural communities across Canada. Interest in technology in the agriculture sector is being driven by several global trends. These include the need to feed the world’s growing population, responding to the impacts of climate change from water shortages to soil degradation and extreme weather events as well as the growing interest in food security and food safety. Little is known, however, about the adoption of disruptive technologies in the agriculture sector and the impacts on rural communities. To address this gap, this research will examine the social and spatial dimensions of emerging technologies in the Ontario agriculture sector and their impacts on the future of work and economic development. This research is funded by the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs New Directions Research Program.