CEWIL resource hub: WIL comparison chart

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The following chart illustrates structural differences between the various types of work-integrated learning (WIL). The information included in the chart builds on the work of McRae and Johnston (2016, PDF). 

 
Competitive recruitment procress
Paid
Full-time
Academic credit
Mandatory
Applied research projects
Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes Yes/No
Apprenticeship
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Co-operative education
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes/No
Field placement
No No No Yes Yes/No
Entrepreneurship
No Self-funded Yes Yes Yes/No
Internship
Yes Yes/No Yes Yes Yes/No
Mandatory professional practicum/clinical placement
No No No Yes Yes
Service learning
No No No Yes Yes/No
Work experience
Yes Yes/No Yes Yes Yes/No