Waterloo.ai Seminar: Prof. Vijay Ganesh on "Machine Learning and Logic Solvers: The Next Frontier"

Thursday, October 29, 2020 3:30 pm - 4:30 pm EDT
image of Prof. Vijay Ganesh

Speaker: Vijay Ganesh, Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Waterloo

Abstract: Over the last two decades, software engineering has witnessed a silent revolution in the form of Boolean SAT solvers. These solvers are now integral to many analysis, synthesis, verification, and testing approaches. This is largely due to a dramatic improvement in the scalability of these solvers vis-a-vis large real-world formulas. What is surprising is that the Boolean satisfiability problem is NP-complete, believed to be intractable in general, and yet these solvers easily solve instances containing millions of variables and clauses in them. How can that be?

In my talk, I will address this question of why SAT solvers are so efficient through the lens of machine learning as well as ideas from (parameterized) proof complexity. I will argue that SAT solvers are best viewed as proof systems, composed of prediction engines that optimize some metric correlated with solver running time. These prediction engines can be built using ML techniques, whose aim is to structure solver proofs in an optimal way. Thus, two major paradigms of AI, namely machine learning and logical deduction, are brought together in a principled way to design efficient SAT solvers. A result of my research is the MapleSAT solver, that has been the winner of several recent international SAT competitions, and is now widely used in industry and academia.

Speaker Bio: Dr. Vijay Ganesh is an associate professor at the University of Waterloo. Prior to joining Waterloo in 2012, he was a research scientist at MIT (2007-2012) and completed his PhD in computer science from Stanford University in 2007. Vijay's primary area of research is the theory and practice of automated mathematical reasoning algorithms aimed at software engineering, formal methods, security, and mathematics. In this context, he has led the development of many SAT/SMT solvers, most notably, STP, Z3 string, MapleSAT, and MathCheck. He has also proved several decidability and complexity results in the context of first-order theories. He has won over 25 awards, honors, and medals to-date for his research, including an ACM Impact Award at ISSTA 2019, ACM Test of Time Award at CCS 2016, an Ontario Early Researcher Award 2016, two Google Faculty Research Awards in 2011 and 2013, and a Ten-Year Most Influential Paper citation at DATE 2008.

Vijay is a faculty affiliate of Waterloo's Computational Mathematics centre.

Zoom Link: https://zoom.us/j/97358112053?pwd=VDh5N1VVcFZzb1Nsd090azllQUJQQT09
Meeting ID: 973 5811 2053
Passcode: 673203
(you will be able to join the meeting from 3:20pm)