Xianguo Li, PEng

Xianguo Li, PEng
Regular Faculty
Location: ERC 3021
Phone: 519-888-4567 x36843


Xianguo Li is a Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering Professor at the University of Waterloo.

Professor Li's main research interests and activities are in the area of thermal fluid/science, including energy systems and energy storage, various energy conversion devices, propulsion and power generation systems, aerosol generation and applications, and transportation fuel cell and battery systems. These research projects involve thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, hydrodynamic stability, multiphase flow, heat and mass transfer, liquid atomization and sprays, combustion, power generation and propulsion systems.

Professor Li is the Founding Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Green Energy, which established the International Green Energy Conference series and launched the annual review series Progress in Green Energy. He is also the Field Chief Editor, Frontiers in Thermal Engineering. He is currently serving on the editorial board of dozens of international scientific/technical journals, book series on fuel cells and energy systems, as well as an encyclopaedia on Energy Engineering and Technology.

Professor Li is a fellow of Canadian Academy of Engineering (FCAE), a fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada (FEIC) and a fellow of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering (CSME), and serves as VP Technical Program for CSME. Previously he served as the CSME Division Chair for the Advanced Energy Systems technical division. He also currently serves as the President of the International Association for Green Energy and President of the Fuel Cell Division, International Association for Hydrogen Energy and established the World Fuel Cell Conference series.

Research Interests

  • Fuel Cells, Spray Dynamics, Fluid Dynamics, Heat And Mass Transfer, Power Generation, Propulsion Systems, Thermodynamics, Fire Suppression, Energy, Automotive, Additive manufacturing, Digital design and fabrication technologies, Alternative fuel, Hybrid and electric vehicles, Energy storage, Power systems, Advanced Manufacturing, Renewable energy, Nanotechnology


  • 1989, Doctorate Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, Illinois, USA
  • 1986, Master's Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, Illinois, USA
  • 1982, Bachelor's Thermal Energy Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China


  • 2007 Outstanding Performance Award University of Waterloo
  • 2001 Frank Walk Service Award
  • 2003 Best Paper Award
  • 2005 CSME Fellow
  • 1988 Simpson Fellowship
  • 2004 Nominee for Italgas Prize for Science & Environment,
  • 2008 Fellow Engineering Institute of Canada


  • ME 250 - Thermodynamics 1
    • Taught in 2021
  • ME 456 - Heat Transfer 2
    • Taught in 2021, 2023
  • ME 557 - Combustion 1
    • Taught in 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022, 2024
  • ME 599 - Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering
    • Taught in 2022
  • ME 751 - Fuel Cell Technology
    • Taught in 2022
  • MTE 309 - Introduction to Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer
    • Taught in 2024

* Only courses taught in the past 5 years are displayed.

Selected/Recent Publications

  • Legala A and X Li, Hybrid data-based modeling for the prediction and diagnostics of Li-ion battery thermal behaviors. Energy and AI 10 (2022) 100194 (14 pages). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyai.2022.100194.
  • Carnovale A and X Li, Numerical assessment of thermal management on the capacity fade of lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles. Frontiers in Thermal Engineering (17 pages). Frontiers in Thermal Engineering 2:1049857. doi: 10.3389/fther.2022.1049857.
  • Legala A, J Zhao and X Li, Machine learning modeling for proton exchange membrane fuel cell performance. Energy and AI 10 (2022) 100183 (16 pages). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyai.2022.100183.
  • Liu H, L Ney, N Zamel and X Li, Effect of catalyst ink and formation process on the multiscale structure of catalyst layers in PEM fuel cells. Applied Sciences 12 (2022) 3776 (41 pages). https://doi.org/10.3390/app12083776.
  • Liu H, J Zhao and X Li, Controlled synthesis of carbon-supported Pt-based electrocatalysts for proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Electrochemical Energy Reviews (2022) 5:13 (52 pages). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41918-022-00173-3.
  • Tan X, S Shahgaldi and X Li, The effect of non-spherical platinum nanoparticle sizes on the performance and durability of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Advances in Applied Energy 4 (2021) 100071 (11 pages). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adapen.2021.100071.
  • Ghasemi A, S Yun and X Li, Fractal structures arising from interfacial instabilities in bio-oil atomization. Scientific Reports (2021) 11:411 (15 pages). www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-80059-w.
  • Zhao, J., Li, X., Shum, C., & McPhee, J. (2023). Control-oriented computational fuel cell dynamics modeling–Model order reduction vs. computational speed. Energy, 266, 126488.
  • Zhao, J., Li, X., Shum, C., & McPhee, J. (2023). A computationally efficient and high-fidelity 1D steady-state performance model for PEM fuel cells. Journal of Physics: Energy.
  • Books
  • Li, X. (2005). Principles of fuel cells. CRC press.
  • Li, X. (2011). Progress in Green energy: Basic Concepts and Fundamentals. Springer.
  • Fergus, J., Hui, R., Li, X., Wilkinson, D. P., & Zhang, J. (Eds.). (2009). Solid oxide fuel cells: materials properties and performance. CRC press.
  • Wilkinson, D. P., Zhang, J., Hui, R., Fergus, J., & Li, X. (Eds.). (2009). Proton exchange membrane fuel cells: materials properties and performance. CRC press.
  • Das, P. K., Jiao, K., Wang, Y., Barbir, F., & Li, X. (Eds.). (2023). Fuel Cells for Transportation: Fundamental Principles and Applications. Elsevier.
  • Li, X., Rashidi, M. M., Lather, R. S., & Raman, R. (eds) (2023). Emerging Trends in Mechanical and Industrial Engineering. Springer.
  • Zhao, J, Kadam, S., Yu, Z. & Li, X. (Eds.). (2023). IGEC Transactions, Volume 1, Energy Conversion and Management. Springer.
  • Editor
  • Editor in Chief, International Journal of Green Energy
  • Field Chief Editor, Frontiers in Thermal Engineering

In The News

Graduate studies