The two universities attempt to provide equal funding for students regardless of which university they enter. Full-time graduate students at both universities are automatically considered for teaching assistantships and scholarships, both of which may be held concurrently. Scholarships are awarded on a competitive basis, taking into account grade-point averages, recommendations, and other indicators of academic performance and promise. A student’s financial assistance package may be adjusted to take into account external awards such as Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) Doctoral Fellowships and Ontario Graduate Scholarships. Candidates hired to teach undergraduate courses will be paid the standard rate for part-time faculty. Students presenting papers at academic conferences may apply to one of the graduate studies offices for assistance with travel expenses.