In Press

  • Risko, E. F, Huh, M., McLean, D., & Ferguson, A. On the prospect of knowing: Providing solutions can reduce persistence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
  • Seli, P., Schacter, D. L., Risko, E. F., & Smilek, D. Increasing participant motivation reduces rates of mind-wandering. Psychological Research.
  • Dunn, T.L & Risko, E. F. Anticipating cognitive effort: Roles of perceived error-likelihood and time demands. Psychological Research.
  • Medimorec, S., Mander, C., & Risko, E. F. Memory demands in linguistic compensation. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.
  • Forrin, N., Risko, E. F., & Smilek, D. On the relation between text difficulty and mind-wandering: A passage section-length account. Psychological Research.

Back to top

2017

  • Medimorec, S., Young, T., & Risko, E. F. (2017). Disfluency effects on lexical selection. Cognition, 158, 28-32.
  • Seli, P., Risko, E. F., & Smilek, D. (2017). Intrusive thoughts: Linking spontaneous mind wandering and OCD symptomatology. Psychological Research, 2,392-398.
  • MacLeod, C. M., & Risko, E. F. (2017). Radical cognitivism?  Distinguishing behavior from thought. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 1, 22-26.
  • Baker, D. A., Ware, J., Schweitzer, N. J. & Risko, E. F. (2017) Making sense of research on the neuroimage bias. Public Understanding of Science, 26, 251-258.
  • Mills, C., Risko, E.F., Graesser, A.C., & D’Mello, S. K. (2017). Cognitive coupling during reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 146, 872-883.
  • Medimorec, S., & Risko, E. F. (2017). Pauses in written composition: On the importance of where we pause. Reading and Writing, 30, 1267-1285.
  • Dunn, T. L., & Risko, E. F. Evaluating effort: Influences of evaluation mode on judgments of task-specific efforts. Behavioral Decision Making, 30, 869-888.
  • Seli, P., Ralph, B., Risko, E. F., Schooler, J., Schacter, D. L. & Smilek, D. Intentionality and meta-awareness of mind wandering: Are they one and the same, or distinct dimensions? Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 24, 1808-1818.
  • Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. Everyday attention. (2017). Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71, 89-92.

Back to top

2016

  • Risko, E. F., Ferguson, A., & McLean, D.(2016) On knowing what we could know: Feeling-of-Findability, feeling-of-knowing and the retrieval of information from external knowledge stores. Computers and Human Behavior, 65,534-543.
  • Phillips, N., Mills, C., D’Mello, S., & Risko, E. F. (2016). On the influence of re-reading on mind wandering. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69,2338-2357.
  • Medimorec, S., & Risko, E. F. (2016). Effects of disfluency in writing. British Journal of Psychology, 107,625-650.
  • Besner, D., & Risko, E. F. (2016). Thinking outside the box when reading aloud: Between (localist) module connection strength as a source of word frequency effects. Psychological Review, 123,592-599.
  • White, D., Risko, E. F., & Besner, D. (2016). The semantic stroop effect: An ex-gaussian analysis. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23,1576-1581.
  • Risko, E. F & Gilbert, S. (2016). Cognitive offloading: Emerging trends and future directions. Trends in Cognitive Science, 20, 676-688.
  • Dunn, T. L. & Risko, E. F. (2016). Demand selection and subjective effort avoidance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42, 1372-1387.
  • Seli, P., Risko, E. F., Smilek, D., & Schachter, D. (2016). Mind-wandering with and without intention. Trends in Cognitive Science, 20, 605-617.
  • Dunn T., & Risko, E. F. (2016). Toward a metacognitive account of cognitive offloading. Cognitive Science, 40, 1080-1127.
  • Besner, D., Risko, E. F., Stolz, J. A., White, D., Reynolds, M., O’Malley, S., & Robidoux, D. (2016). Varieties of attention: Their roles in visual word identification. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25, 162-168.
  • Risko, E. F., Richardson, D. C., & Kingstone, A. (2016). Breaking the fourth wall of cognitive science: Real world social attention and the dual function of gaze. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25, 70-74.
  • Zhu, M., & Risko, E. F. (2016). Spatial habit competes with effort to determine human spatial organization. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69, 1255-1264.
  • Anderson, N. C., Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. (2016). Motion influences gaze direction discrimination and disambiguates contradictory luminance information. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 23, 817-823.
  • Seli, P., Wammes, J. D., Risko, E. F., & Smilek, D. (2016). On the relation between motivation and retention in educational contexts: The role of intentional and unintentional mind-wandering. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 23, 1280-1287.
  • Gallup, A., Church, A. M., Miller, H., Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. (2016). Social presence diminishes contagious yawning in the laboratory. Scientific Reports, 6, 25045.
  • Seli, P., Risko, E. F., & Smilek, D. (2016). Assessing the associations among trait and state levels of deliberate and spontaneous mind wandering. Consciousness & Cognition, 41, 50-56.
  • Seli, P., Risko, E. F., & Smilek, D. (2016). On the necessity of reconceptualizing mind wandering. Psychological Science, 27, 685-691.

Back to top

2015

  • Ferguson, A., McLean, D., & Risko, E. F. (2015). Answers at your fingertips: Access to the Internet influences willingness to answer questions. Consciousness & Cognition, 37, 91-102.
  • Risko, E. F. & Dunn, T. L. (2015). Storing information in-the-world: Metacognition and cognitive offloading in a short-term memory task. Consciousness & Cognition, 36, 61-74.
  • Medimorec, S., Olney, A., Pavlik, P., Graesser, A., & Risko, E. F. (2015). The language of instruction: Compensating for challenge in lectures. Journal of Educational Psychology, 107, 971-990.
  • Ferguson, A., Maloney, E. A., Fugelsang, J.A & Risko, E. F. (2015). On the relation between math and spatial ability: The case of math anxiety. Learning and Individual Differences, 39, 1-12.
  • Nasiopoulos, E., Risko, E. F., Foulsham, T., & Kingstone, A. (2015). Wearable computing: Will it make people prosocial? British Journal of Experimental Psychology, 106, 209-216.

Back to top

2014

  • Risko, E. F., Medimorec, S., Chisholm, J., & Kingstone, A. (2014). Rotating with rotated text: A natural behaviour approach to cognitive offloading. Cognitive Science, 38, 537-564.
  • Chisholm, J. D., Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. (2014). Natural behaviour during teleoperation reveals embodied overflow of remote intentions. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67, 609-624.
  • Baker, D. A., Schweitzer, N. J., & Risko, E. F. (2014). Perceived access to self-relevant information mediates judgments of privacy violations in neuromonitoring and other monitoring technologies. Neuroethics, 7, 43-50.
  • Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. (2015). Attention in the Wild: Visual Attention in Complex, Dynamic and Social Environments. In J. Szalma et al. (Eds.), The Handbook of Applied Perception Research.
  • Walker, E., Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. (2014). On the role of interpersonal coordination in filler use. Discourse Processes, 51, 264-286.

Back to top

2013

  • Risko, E. F., Buchanan, D., Medimorec, S., & Kingstone, A. (2013). Everyday attention: Mind wandering and computer use during lectures. Computers and Education, 3, 842-856.
  • Schweitzer, N. J., Baker, D. A., & Risko, E. F. (2013). Fooled by the brain: Re-examining the influence of neuroimages. Cognition, 129, 501-511.
  • Baker, D., Schweitzer, N.J., & Risko, E. F. (2013). Visual attention and the neuroimage bias. PloS One, 8, e74449. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0074449.
  • Risko, E. F., Maloney, E. A., & Fugelsang, J. A. (2013). Paying attention to attention: Evidence for an attentional contribution to the size congruity effect. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics, 75, 1137-1147.
  • Abrahamse, E. L., Duthoo, W., Notebaert, W., & Risko, E. F. (2013). Cognitive control in a dynamic environment: The asymmetrical list shifting effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 39, 501-511.
  • Risko, E. F., Foulsham, T., Dawson, S., & Kingstone, A. (2013). The Collaborative Lecture Annotation System (CLAS): A new tool for distributed learning. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 6, 4-13.
  • Farley, J., Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. (2013). Everyday attention and lecture retention: The effects of time, fidgeting and mind wandering. Frontiers in Perception Science, 4, 619. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00619.
  • Anderson, N. A. Bischof, W. F., Laidlaw, K. E. W., Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A.(2013). Recurrence quantification analysis of eye movements. Behavioural Research Methods, 3, 842-856.
  • Chisholm, J. D., Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. (2013). The embodiment of focus: Investigating the impact of leaning behaviour on our cognitive state and other’s perception of our cognitive state. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 39, 100-110.
  • Risko, E. F., Stolz, J. A., & Besner, D. (2013). Automaticity. In H. Pashler (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Mind. Sage Publications.  

Back to top

2012

  • Laidlaw, K. E. W., Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. (2012). A new look at social attention: Orienting to the eyes is not (entirely) under volitional control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 38, 1132-114.
  • Risko, E. F., Laidlaw, K., Freeth, M., Foulsham, T., & Kingstone, A. (2012). Real vs. Reel: An empirical approach to the equivalence of different “social” stimuli. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 143
  • Maloney, E. A., Waechter, S., Risko, E. F., & Fugelsang, J. A. (2012). Reducing the sex difference in math anxiety: The role of spatial processing ability. Learning and Individual Differences, 22, 380-384.
  • Risko, E. F., Anderson, N., Sarwal, A., Engelhardt, M. & Kingstone, A. (2012). Everyday attention: Variation in mind wandering and memory in a lecture. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26, 234-242.
  • Walker, E., Lanthier, S. N., Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. (2012). The effects of personal music devices on pedestrian behaviour. Safety Science, 50, 123-128.
  • Risko, E. F., Anderson, N. C., Lanthier, S. N., & Kingstone, A. (2012). Curious eyes: Individual differences in personality predict eye movement behaviour in scene-viewing. Cognition,122, 86-90.

Back to top

2011

  • Risko, E. F., Lanthier, S., & Besner, D. (2011). Basic processes in reading: The effect of inter-letter spacing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 37, 1449-1457.
  • Anderson, N., Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. (2011). Exploiting human sensitivity to gaze for tracking the eyes. Behaviour Research Methods, 43, 843-852.
  • Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. (2011). Eyes wide shut: Implied social presence, eye tracking and attention. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics, 73, 285-290.
  • Risko, E. F., Stolz, J. A. & Besner, D. (2011). Basic processes in reading: On the relation between spatial attention and familiarity. Language and Cognitive Processes, 26, 47-62.

Back to top

2010

  • Risko, E. F., Stolz, J. A. & Besner, D. (2010). Spatial attention modulates crosstalk amongst features in visual word processing. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics, 72, 989-998.
  • Maloney, E. A., Risko, E. F., Ansari, D., & Fugelsang, J. A. (2010). Challenging the reliability and validity of cognitive measures: The case of the numerical distance effect. Acta Psychologica, 134, 154-161.
  • Risko, E. F., & Stolz, J. A. (2010). On the nature of cognitive control and endogenous orienting: A response to Chica and Bartolomeo (2010). Consciousness and Cognition, 19, 445-446.
  • Maloney, E. A., Risko, E. F., Ansari, D., & Fugelsang, J. A. (2010). Mathematics anxiety affects counting but not subitizing during visual enumeration. Cognition, 114, 293-297.
  • Risko, E. F., & Stolz, J. A. (2010). The proportion valid effect in covert orienting: Strategic control or implicit learning. Consciousness and Cognition, 19, 432- 442.
  • Risko, E. F. (2010). Response Set. In I. B. Weiner & W. E. Craighead (Eds.), Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. Wiley Publications.

Back to top

2009

  • Paulitzki, J. P., Risko, E. F., O’Malley, S., Stolz, J. A., & Besner, D. (2009). On the role of set when reading aloud: A dissociation between prelexical and lexical processing. Consciousness and Cognition, 18, 135-144.
  • Maloney, E. A., Risko, E. F., O’Malley, S., & Besner, D. (2009). Tracking the transition from sublexical to lexical processing:  On the creation of orthographic and phonological lexical representations. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 62, 858-867. 
  • Lanthier, S. N., Risko, E. F., Stolz, J. A., & Besner, D. (2009). Not all visual features are created equal: Early processing in letter and word recognition. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 16, 67-73.

Back to top

2008

  • Risko, E. F., Blais, C., Stolz, J. A., & Besner, D. (2008). Covert orienting: A compound-cue account of the proportion cued effect. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 15, 123-127.
  • Risko, E. F., Blais, C., Stolz, J. A., & Besner, D. (2008). Observation: Non-strategic contributions to putatively strategic effects in selective attention tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 34, 1044-1052.
  • Paulitzki, J. P., Risko, E. F., Oakman, J. M., & Stolz, J. A. (2008). Doing the unpleasant: How the emotional nature of a threat relevant task affects task switching. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 350-355.
  • Risko, E. F., & Besner, D. (2008). A role for set in the control of automatic spatial response activation. Experimental Psychology, 55, 38-46.

Back to top

2007

  • Blais, C., Robidoux, S., Risko, E. F., & Besner, D. (2007). Item specific adaptation and the conflict monitoring hypothesis: A computational model. Psychological Review, 114, 1076-1086.
  • Borgmann, K. W. U., Risko, E. F., Stolz, J. A., & Besner, D. (2007). Simon says: Reliability and the role of working memory and attentional control in the Simon task. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 14, 313-319.

Back to top

2006 

  • Risko, E. F., Quilty, L. C., & Oakman, J. M. (2006). Socially desirable responding on the web: Investigating the candor hypothesis. Journal of Personality Assessment, 87, 269-276.
  • Risko, E. F., Schmidt, J. R., & Besner, D. (2006). Filling a gap in the semantic gradient: Color associates and response set in the Stroop task. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 13, 310-315.
  • Risko, E. F., Dixon, M. J., Besner, D., & Ferber, S. (2006). The ties that keep us bound: Top-down influences on the persistence of shape-from-motion. Consciousness and Cognition, 15, 475-483.
  • Quilty, L. C., Oakman, J. M., & Risko, E. F. (2006). Correlates of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale method effects. Structural Equation Modeling, 13, 99-117.

Back to top

2005

  • Besner, D., Risko, E. F., & Sklair, N. (2005). Spatial attention as a necessary preliminary to early processes in reading. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 59, 99-108.
  • Besner, D., & Risko, E. F. (2005). Stimulus-response compatible orienting and the effect of an action not taken: Perception delayed is automaticity denied. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 12, 271-275.
  • Risko, E. F., Stolz, J. A., & Besner, D. (2005). Basic processes in reading: Is visual word recognition obligatory? Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 12, 119-124.

Back to top