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Unpublished pre-prints are available at PsyArXiv

Student collaborators (at the time of research project completion) are in italics. Click on the [pdf] to download a corresponding preprint. All preprints are provided for academic use only. Please do not distribute articles without permission. Copyrights belong to the respective publishers. 

In press

Dorfman, A. & Grossmann, I. (in press). Social incentives. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. K. Shackelford, Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. New York: Springer. [link]

Ferrari, M., Grossmann, I., Grimm, S., & Staffel, J. (in press). A Process Model of Wisdom from Adversity. Journal of Value Inquiry. [link]

Grossmann, I. & Dorfman, A. (in press). Wisdom in an uncertain world. In R. Sternberg, H. Nusbaum, & Glück (Eds.). Applying Wisdom to Contemporary World Problems. London: Palgrave-Macmillan. [link]

Grossmann, I. & Eibach, R. (in press). Reasonable bounds on rationality. In R. Viale (Ed.). Routledge Handbook on Bounded Rationality. Milton Park: Taylor and Francis. 

Kung, F. Y. H. & Grossmann, I. (in press). Culture and wisdom. In O. Braddick (Ed.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press. [link]

Santos, H. C., Varnum, M. E.W. & Grossmann, I. (in press). Culture, cognition and cultural change in social class. In W. H. Brekhus & G. Ingatow (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Sociology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [link]

Varnum, M. E. W. & Grossmann, I. (in press). The wealth -> life history -> innovation of the industrial revolution is largely inconsistent with empirical data. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. [commentary] [link]


Grossmann, I., Oakes, H. & Santos, H. C. (2019). Wise reasoning benefits from emodiversity, irrespective of emotional intensity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. doi: 10.1037/xge0000543 [link]


Brienza, J. P., Kung, F., Santos, H. C., Bobocel, D. R, & Grossmann, I. (2018). Wisdom, bias, and balance: Toward a process-sensitive measurement of wisdom-related cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 115(6), 1093-1126. doi: 10.1037/pspp0000171 [link]

De Freitas, J., Cicara, M., Grossmann, I. & Schegel, R. (2018). Moral goodness is the essence of personal identity. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 22(9), 739-740. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2018.05.006 [link]

De Freitas, J., Sarkissian, H., Newman, G. E., Grossmann, I., De Brigard, F, Luco, A., & Knobe, J. (2018). Consistent Belief in a Good True Self in Misanthropes and Three Interdependent Cultures. Cognitive Science, 42, 134-160. [link]

Elnakouri, A., McGregor, I., & Grossmann, I. (2018). Dying for the group: Towards a general theory of extreme self-sacrifice. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 41, e201doi: 10.1017/S0140525X18001723  [commentary] [link]

Grossmann, I. (2018). Dialecticism across the lifespan. In J. Spencer-Rogers & K. Peng (Eds.), The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism (pp. 135-180). Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0005 [link]

Grossmann, I.  & Brienza, J. P. (2018). The strengths of wisdom provide unique contribution to improved leadership, sustainability, inequality, Gross National Happiness, and civic discourse in the face of contemporary world problems. Journal of Intelligence, 6(22).  doi: 10.3390/jintelligence6020022 [link]

Grossmann, I., & Kung, F. Y. H. (2018). Wisdom and culture. In S. Kitayama & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of Cultural Psychology (2nd Edition) (pp. 343-364). New York: Guilford Press. [link]
Grossmann, I., Kung, F. Y. H., & Santos, H. C. (2018). Wisdom as state vs. trait. In R. Sternberg & J. Glück (Eds.). Handbook of Wisdom (pp. 249-273). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [link]
Grossmann, I. & Jowhari, N. (2018). Cognition and the self: Attempt of an independent close replication of the effects of self-construal priming on spatial memory recall. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 74, 65-73. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2017.08.005 [link]
Grossmann, I., & Ross, L. (2018). Attributions. In M. H. Bornstein, M.E. Arterberry, K. L. Fingerman, & J.E. Lansford (Eds.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Lifespan Human Development (pp. 189-191). Thousand Oakes: Sage. doi: 10.4135/9781506307633.n74 [link]
Huynh, A. C. & Grossmann, I.  (2018). A pathway to wisdom-focused education. Journal of Moral Education. doi: 10.1080/03057240.2018.1496903 [link]
Huynh, A.C., Oakes, H., Grossmann, I.  (2018). The role of culture in understanding and evaluating emotional intelligence. In K. V. Keefer, J. D. Parker, & D. H. Saklofske (Eds.). Handbook of Emotional Intelligence in Education (pp. 111-132). New York: Springer. [link]
Leckelt, M., Wetzel, E., Gerlach, T. M., Ackerman, R. A., Miller, J. D., Chopik, W. J., Penke, L., Geukes, K., Kuefner, A. C.P., Hutteman, R., Richter, D., Renner, K., Allroggen, M., Brecheen, C., Campbell, W. K., Grossmann, I., & Back, M. D. (2018). Validation of the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire short scale (NARQ-S) in convenience and representative samples. Psychological Assessment, 30(1), 86-96. doi: 10.1037/pas0000433
Oakes, H., Brienza, J. P., Elnakouri, A., & Grossmann, I.  (2018). Wise reasoning: Converging evidence for the psychology of sound judgment. In R. Sternberg & J. Glück (Eds.). Handbook of Wisdom (pp. 202-225). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [link]
Prentice, L., Klackl, J., Agroskin, D., Grossmann, I., Alexandrov, Y., Apanovich, V., Bezdenezhnykh, B., & Jonas, E. (2018). Reaction to norm transgressions and Islamization threat in culturally tight and loose contexts: A case study of Germany vs. Russia. Culture & Brain. doi: 10.1007/s40167-018-0073-3 [link]


Brienza, J. P. & Grossmann, I. (2017). Social class and wise reasoning about interpersonal conflicts across regions, persons and situations. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 284 (1869). [link]

De Freitas, J., Cicara , M., Grossmann, I. & Schegel, R. (2017). Origins of the belief in Good True Selves. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. [link]

Grossmann, I. (2017). Wisdom in context. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 12(2), 233–257. [docx]

Grossmann, I., Brienza, J. P. & Bobocel, D. R. (2017). Wise deliberation sustains cooperation. Nature Human Behaviour, 1(0061). [docx]

Grossmann, I. & Ellsworth, P.C. (2017). What are mixed emotions and what conditions foster them? Life-span experiences, culture and social awareness. Current Opinion in Behavioral Science, 15, 1-5. [docx]

Grossmann, I. (2017). Wisdom and how to cultivate it: Review of emerging evidence for a constructivist model of wise thinking. European Psychologist, 22(4), 233–246. doi: 10.1027/1016-9040/a000302. [link]

Grossmann, I. & Varnum, M. E.W. (2017). Divergent life histories and other ecological adaptations: Examples of social class differences in attention, cognition, and attunement to others. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. [commentary]  doi: 10.1017/S0140525X17000991, e329

Huynh, A. C. & Grossmann, I. (2017). Middle-class ideologies: Norms and historical changes. In R. Rycroft (Ed.), The American Middle Class: An Economic Encyclopedia of Progress and Poverty. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press. [link]

Kimel, S. Y., Grossmann, I., & Kitayama, S. (2017). Corrigendum to “When gift-giving produces dissonance: Effects of subliminal affiliation priming on choices for one's self versus close others”[Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 48 (2012) 1221–1224]. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.

Santos, H. C., Huynh, A, C., & Grossmann, I. (2017). Wisdom in a complex world: A situated account of wise reasoning and its development. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. doi: 10.1111/spc3.12341 [link]

Santos, H. C., Huynh, A, C., & Grossmann, I. (2017). Teaching & Learning Guide for: Wisdom in a complex world: A situated account of wise reasoning and its development. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. doi: 10.1111/spc3.12343

Santos, H. C., Varnum, M. E. W., Grossmann, I. (2017). Global increases in individualism. Psychological Science. [link]

Varnum, M. E. W. & Grossmann, I. (2017). Cultural change: The how and the why. Perspectives on Psychological Science. doi: 10.1177/1745691617699971 [docx]

Varnum, M. E. W. & Grossmann, I. (2017). Socio-ecological factors are linked to changes in prevalence of contempt over time. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, 40-41 [commentary] doi: 10.1017/S0140525X16000881, e250


Grossmann, I., Gerlach, T.M., & Denissen, J.J.A. (2016). Wise reasoning in the face of everyday life challenges. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7(7), 611–622[pdf]

Grossmann, I., Huynh, A.C., & Ellsworth, P. C. (2016). Emotional complexity: Clarifying definitions and cultural correlates. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 111(6), 895-916. doi: 10.1037/pspp0000084  [pdf]

Grossmann, I., Sahdra, B. & Ciarocci, J. (2016). A heart and a mind: Self-distancing facilitates the association between heart rate variability, and wise reasoning. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 10(68). [html]

Grossmann, I. & Santos, H. C. (2016). Individualistic cultures. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. K. Shackelford, Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2024-1 [link]

Grossmann, I. (2016). Wisdom and heart rate. European Heart Journal, 37(44), 3315. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehw479

Huynh, A. C., Yang, D. Y. & Grossmann, I. (2016). The value of prospective reasoning for close relationships. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7 (8), 893-902. doi: 10.1177/1948550616660591

Kung, F., Eibach, R., & Grossmann, I. (2016). Culture, fixed-world beliefs, relationships and perceptions of identity change. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7(7), 631-639. doi: 10.1177/1948550616652208

Varnum, M. E. W. & Grossmann, I. (2016). Pathogen prevalence is associated with cultural changes in gender equality. Nature Human Behavior, 1(0006). doi:10.1038/s41562-016-0003



​​Ford, B. Q., Dmitrieva, J. O., Heller, D., Chentsova-Dutton, Y., Grossmann, I., Tamir, M., Uchida, Y., Koopmann-Holm, B., Uhrig, M., Floerke, V., Bokhan, T., & Mauss, I. B. (2015). Culture shapes whether the pursuit of happiness predicts higher or lower well-being. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144(6), 1053-1062. [pdf]


Grossmann, I. & Varnum, M. E. W. (2015). Social structure, infectious diseases, disasters, secularism, and cultural change in America. Psychological Science, 26(3), 311-324. [pdf]


Hughes, J.Grossmann, I. & Cohen, A. B. (2015). Tolerating the “doubting Thomas”: How centrality of religious beliefs versus practices influences prejudice against atheists. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(1352). [link]

Klein, N., Grossmann, I., Uskul, A., Kraus, A., & Epley, N. (2015). It pays to be nice, but not really nice: Asymmetric reputations from prosociality across 7 countries. Judgment and Decision Making, 10(4), 355-364. [pdf]


Grossmann, I., Karasawa, M., Kan, C. & Kitayama, S. (2014). A cultural perspective on emotional experiences across the lifespan. Emotion, 14(4), 679-692. [pdf]

Grossmann, I. & Kross, E. (2014). Exploring “Solomon’s paradox”: Self-distancing eliminates the self-other asymmetry in wise reasoning about close relations in younger and older adults. Psychological Science, 25(8), 1571-1580. [pdf]

Grossmann, I., & Na, J. (2014). Research in culture and psychology: past lessons and future challenges. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science5(1), 1-14. [pdf]

Ross, M., Grossmann, I. & Schryer, E. (2014). Contrary to psychological and popular opinion, there is no compelling evidence that older adults are disproportionately victimized by consumer fraud. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9(4), 427-442. [pdf]



Grossmann, I., Na, J., Varnum, M. E. W., Kitayama, S., & Nisbett, R. E. (2013). A route to well-being: Intelligence vs. wise reasoning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 142(3), 944-953[pdf]

Grossmann. I., & Huynh, A. C. (2013). Where is the culture in social class? Psychological Inquiry, 24 (2), 112-119. [pdf]


Grossmann, I., Karasawa, M., Izumi, S., Na, J., Varnum, M. E. W., Kitayama, S., & Nisbett, R. E. (2012). Aging and wisdom: Culture matters. Psychological Science, 23(10), 1059-1066. [pdf]

Kimel, S.Y., Grossmann, I., & Kitayama, S. (2012). When gift-giving produces dissonance: Effects of subliminal affiliation priming on choices for one's self versus close others. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48(5), 1221-1224. [pdf]
Kross, E. & Grossmann, I. (2012). Boosting wisdom: Distance from the self enhances wise reasoning, attitudes and behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141(1), 43-48. [pdf]
Grossmann, I., Ellsworth, P.C., Hong, Y-y. (2012). Culture, attention, and emotion. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141(1), 31-36. [pdf]


Grossmann, I. & Varnum, M.E.W. (2011). Culture, social class, and cognition. Social Psychological and Personality Science2(1), 81-89. [pdf]



Grossmann, I. & Kross, E. (2010). The impact of culture on adaptive vs. maladaptive self-reflection. Psychological Science21(8), 1150-1157. [pdf]

Grossmann, I., Na, J., Varnum, M. E.W., Park, D. C., Kitayama, S. & Nisbett, R.E. (2010). Reasoning about social conflicts improves into old age. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(16), 7246-7250[pdf]

Na, J., Grossmann, I., Varnum, M.E.W., Gonzalez, R., Kitayama, S., & Nisbett, R.E. (2010). When cultural differences are not reducible to individual differences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(14), 6192-6197. [pdf]

Varnum, M.E.W., Grossmann, I., Kitayama, S., & Nisbett, R.E. (2010). The origin of cultural differences in cognition: Evidence for the social orientation hypothesis. Current Directions in Psychological Science19(1), 9-13. [pdf]


Varnum, M.E.W., Grossmann, I., Katunar, D., Nisbett, R.E., & Kitayama, S. (2008). Holism in a European cultural context: Differences in cognitive style between Central and East Europeans and Westerners. Journal of Cognition and Culture8, 321-333. [pdf]

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