Pre-prints are available at PsyArXiv

Student collaborators (at the time of research project completion) are in italics. Please do not distribute articles without permission. Copyrights belong to the respective publishers. 

In press

Grossmann, I. (in press). Evidence-based training of wisdom in business and management: Use of scientific insights about malleability of practical wisdom for rigorous interventions. In B. Schwartz, C. Bernacchio, C. González-Cantón & A. Robson (Eds.), Handbook of Practical Wisdom in Business and Management. New York: Springer. [link]

Grossmann, I., Dorfman, A., Oakes, H., Santos, H. C., Vohs, K. D., & Scholer, A. A. (in press). Training for Wisdom: The Distanced Self-Reflection Diary Method. Psychological Science. [link]

Hanaei, S., Takian, A., Majdzadeh, R., Maboloc, C. R., Grossmann, I., Gomes, O., …& Rezaei, N. (in press). Emerging standards and the hybrid model for organizing scientific events during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness.

Huynh, A. C. & Grossmann, I. (in press). Rising ethnic diversity in the United States accompanies shifts toward an individualistic culture. Social Psychological and Personality Science. [link]


Grossmann, I., Eibach, R. P., Koyama, J., & Sahi, Q. (2020). A dual folk standard framework for sound judgment: Rationality vs. Reasonableness. Science Advances, 6(2), eaaz0289doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz0289 [link]

Grossmann, I., Eibach, R. P. (2020). Reasonable bounds on rationality. Mind & Society. doi: 10.1007/s11299-020-00267-9 [link]

Grossmann, I., Dorfman, A., & Oakes, H. (2020). Wisdom is a social-ecological rather than person-centric phenomenon. Current Opinion in Psychology, 20, 66-71. doi: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2019.07.010 [link]

Grossmann, I., Weststrate, N. M., Ardelt, M., Brienza, J. P., Dong, M., Ferrari, M., Fournier, M. A., Hu, C. S., Nusbaum, H. C. & Vervaeke, J. (2020). Wisdom science in a polarized world: Knowns and unknowns. Psychological Inquiry, 31(2), 103-133. doi: 10.1080/1047840X.2020.1750917
[target article] [link]

Grossmann, I., Weststrate, N. M., Ferrari, M., & Brienza, J. P. (2020). A common model is essential for a cumulative science of wisdom. Psychological Inquiry, 31(2), 185-194. doi: 10.1080/1047840X.2020.1750920 [response to commentaries] [link]

Huynh, A. C. & Grossmann, I.  (2020). A pathway to wisdom-focused education. Journal of Moral Education, 49, 9-29. doi: 10.1080/03057240.2018.1496903 [link]

Jayawickreme, E., Infurna, F. J., Alajak, K., Blackie, L. E. R., Chopik, W. J., Chung, J. M., Dorfman, A., Fleeson, W., Forgeard, M. J. C., Frazier, P., Furr, R. M., Grossmann, I., …& Zonneveld, R. (2020). Post-Traumatic Growth as Positive Personality Change: Challenges, Opportunities and Recommendations. Journal of Personality. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12591 [link]

Ko, A., Pick, C., Kwon, J. Y., Barlev, M., Krems, J. A., Varnum, M. E. W., Neel, R., Peysha, M., Boonyasiriwat, W., Brandstätter, E., Vasquez, J. E. C., Galindo, O., Pereira de Felipe, R., Crispim, A. C., Fetvadjiev, V. H., Fischer, R., Karl, J., David, D., Galdi, S., Gomez-Jacinto, L., Grossmann, I. ... & Kenrick, D. T. (2020). Family matters: Rethinking the psychology of human social motivation. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 15, 173-201. doi: 10.1177/1745691619872986 [link]

Kung, F. Y. H. & Grossmann, I. (2020). Wisdom across cultures. In O. Braddick (Ed.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190236557.013.586 [link]

Peetz, J. & Grossmann, I. (2020). Wise reasoning about the future is associated with adaptive interpersonal feelings after relational challenges. Social Psychological and Personality Science. doi: 10.1177/1948550620931985 [link]

Prentice, L., Klackl, J., Agroskin, D., Grossmann, I., Alexandrov, Y., Apanovich, V., Bezdenezhnykh, B., & Jonas, E. (2020). Reaction to norm transgressions and Islamization threat in culturally tight and loose contexts: A case study of Germany vs. Russia. Culture & Brain, 8, 46–69. doi: 10.1007/s40167-018-0073-3 [link]

Santos, H. C. & Grossmann, I. (2020). Cross-temporal exploration of the relationship between wisdom-related cognitive broadening and subjective well-being: Evidence from a cross-validated national longitudinal study. Social Psychological and Personality Science. doi: 10.1177/1948550620921619 [link]


Dorfman, A. & Grossmann, I. (2019). Social incentives. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. K. Shackelford, Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1834-1 [link]

Dorfman, A., Oakes, H., Santos, H. C. & Grossmann, I. (2019). Self‐distancing promotes positive emotional change after adversity: Evidence from a micro‐longitudinal field experiment. Journal of Personality. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12534 [link]

Ferrari, M., Grossmann, I., Grimm, S., & Staffel, J. (2019). A Process Model of Wisdom from Adversity. The Journal of Value Inquiry, 5, 471-473. doi: 10.1007/s10790-019-09711-7 [link]

Grossmann, I. & Dorfman, A. (2019). Wisdom in an uncertain world. In R. Sternberg, H. Nusbaum, & J. Glück (Eds.). Applying Wisdom to Contemporary World Problems (pp. 51-79). London: Palgrave-Macmillan. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-20287-3_3 [link]

Grossmann, I., Oakes, H. & Santos, H. C. (2019). Wise reasoning benefits from emodiversity, irrespective of emotional intensity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 148(5), 805-823. doi: 10.1037/xge0000543 [link]

Huh, M., Grossmann, I., & Friedman, O. (2019). Children show reduced trust in confident advisors who are partially-informed. Cognitive Development, 50, 49-55. doi: 10.1016/j.cogdev.2019.02.003  [link]

Na, J.*, Grossmann, I.*, Varnum, M. E.W., Karasawa, M., Cho, Y., Kitayama, S., & Nisbett, R. E. (2019). Culture and personality revisited: Behavioral profiles and within-person stability in interdependent (vs. independent) social orientation and holistic (vs. analytic) cognitive style. Journal of Personality. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12536 [link*corresponding authors

Santos, H. C., Varnum, M. E.W. & Grossmann, I. (2019). Culture, cognition and cultural change in social class.In W. H. Brekhus & G. Ingatow (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Sociology (pp. 1-19). Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190273385.013.15 [link]

Varnum, M. E. W. & Grossmann, I. (2019). The wealth -> life history -> innovation of the industrial revolution is largely inconsistent with empirical data. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 42, e212. [commentary] [link]


Brienza, J. P., Kung, F., Santos, H. C., Bobocel, D. R, & Grossmann, I. (2018). Wisdom, bias, and balance: Toward a process-sensitive measurement of wisdom-related cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 115(6), 1093-1126. doi: 10.1037/pspp0000171 [link]

De Freitas, J., Cicara, M., Grossmann, I. & Schegel, R. (2018). Moral goodness is the essence of personal identity. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 22(9), 739-740. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2018.05.006 [link]

De Freitas, J., Sarkissian, H., Newman, G. E., Grossmann, I., De Brigard, F, Luco, A., & Knobe, J. (2018). Consistent Belief in a Good True Self in Misanthropes and Three Interdependent Cultures. Cognitive Science, 42, 134-160. [link]

Elnakouri, A., McGregor, I., & Grossmann, I. (2018). Dying for the group: Towards a general theory of extreme self-sacrifice. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 41, e201doi: 10.1017/S0140525X18001723  [commentary] [link]

Grossmann, I. (2018). Dialecticism across the lifespan. In J. Spencer-Rogers & K. Peng (Eds.), The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism (pp. 135-180). Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0005 [link]

Grossmann, I.  & Brienza, J. P. (2018). The strengths of wisdom provide unique contribution to improved leadership, sustainability, inequality, Gross National Happiness, and civic discourse in the face of contemporary world problems. Journal of Intelligence, 6(22).  doi: 10.3390/jintelligence6020022 [link]

Grossmann, I., & Kung, F. Y. H. (2018). Wisdom and culture. In S. Kitayama & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of Cultural Psychology (2nd Edition) (pp. 343-364). New York: Guilford Press. [link]
Grossmann, I., Kung, F. Y. H., & Santos, H. C. (2018). Wisdom as state vs. trait. In R. Sternberg & J. Glück (Eds.). Handbook of Wisdom (pp. 249-273). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [link]
Grossmann, I. & Jowhari, N. (2018). Cognition and the self: Attempt of an independent close replication of the effects of self-construal priming on spatial memory recall. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 74, 65-73. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2017.08.005 [link]
Grossmann, I., & Ross, L. (2018). Attributions. In M. H. Bornstein, M.E. Arterberry, K. L. Fingerman, & J.E. Lansford (Eds.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Lifespan Human Development (pp. 189-191). Thousand Oakes: Sage. doi: 10.4135/9781506307633.n74 [link]
Huynh, A.C., Oakes, H., Grossmann, I.  (2018). The role of culture in understanding and evaluating emotional intelligence. In K. V. Keefer, J. D. Parker, & D. H. Saklofske (Eds.). Handbook of Emotional Intelligence in Education (pp. 111-132). New York: Springer. [link]
Leckelt, M., Wetzel, E., Gerlach, T. M., Ackerman, R. A., Miller, J. D., Chopik, W. J., Penke, L., Geukes, K., Kuefner, A. C.P., Hutteman, R., Richter, D., Renner, K., Allroggen, M., Brecheen, C., Campbell, W. K., Grossmann, I., & Back, M. D. (2018). Validation of the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire short scale (NARQ-S) in convenience and representative samples. Psychological Assessment, 30(1), 86-96. doi: 10.1037/pas0000433
Oakes, H., Brienza, J. P., Elnakouri, A., & Grossmann, I.  (2018). Wise reasoning: Converging evidence for the psychology of sound judgment. In R. Sternberg & J. Glück (Eds.). Handbook of Wisdom (pp. 202-225). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [link]


Brienza, J. P. & Grossmann, I. (2017). Social class and wise reasoning about interpersonal conflicts across regions, persons and situations. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 284 (1869). [link]

De Freitas, J., Cicara , M., Grossmann, I. & Schegel, R. (2017). Origins of the belief in Good True Selves. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. [link]

Grossmann, I. (2017). Wisdom in context. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 12(2), 233–257. [docx]

Grossmann, I., Brienza, J. P. & Bobocel, D. R. (2017). Wise deliberation sustains cooperation. Nature Human Behaviour, 1(0061). [docx]

Grossmann, I. & Ellsworth, P.C. (2017). What are mixed emotions and what conditions foster them? Life-span experiences, culture and social awareness. Current Opinion in Behavioral Science, 15, 1-5. [docx]

Grossmann, I. (2017). Wisdom and how to cultivate it: Review of emerging evidence for a constructivist model of wise thinking. European Psychologist, 22(4), 233–246. doi: 10.1027/1016-9040/a000302. [link]

Grossmann, I. & Varnum, M. E.W. (2017). Divergent life histories and other ecological adaptations: Examples of social class differences in attention, cognition, and attunement to others. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. [commentary]  doi: 10.1017/S0140525X17000991, e329

Huynh, A. C. & Grossmann, I. (2017). Middle-class ideologies: Norms and historical changes. In R. Rycroft (Ed.), The American Middle Class: An Economic Encyclopedia of Progress and Poverty. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press. [link]

Kimel, S. Y., Grossmann, I., & Kitayama, S. (2017). Corrigendum to “When gift-giving produces dissonance: Effects of subliminal affiliation priming on choices for one's self versus close others”[Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 48 (2012) 1221–1224]. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.

Santos, H. C., Huynh, A, C., & Grossmann, I. (2017). Wisdom in a complex world: A situated account of wise reasoning and its development. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. doi: 10.1111/spc3.12341 [link]

Santos, H. C., Huynh, A, C., & Grossmann, I. (2017). Teaching & Learning Guide for: Wisdom in a complex world: A situated account of wise reasoning and its development. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. doi: 10.1111/spc3.12343

Santos, H. C., Varnum, M. E. W., Grossmann, I. (2017). Global increases in individualism. Psychological Science. [link]

Varnum, M. E. W. & Grossmann, I. (2017). Cultural change: The how and the why. Perspectives on Psychological Science. doi: 10.1177/1745691617699971 [docx]

Varnum, M. E. W. & Grossmann, I. (2017). Socio-ecological factors are linked to changes in prevalence of contempt over time. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, 40-41 [commentary] doi: 10.1017/S0140525X16000881, e250


Grossmann, I., Gerlach, T.M., & Denissen, J.J.A. (2016). Wise reasoning in the face of everyday life challenges. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7(7), 611–622[pdf]

Grossmann, I., Huynh, A.C., & Ellsworth, P. C. (2016). Emotional complexity: Clarifying definitions and cultural correlates. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 111(6), 895-916. doi: 10.1037/pspp0000084  [pdf]

Grossmann, I., Sahdra, B. & Ciarocci, J. (2016). A heart and a mind: Self-distancing facilitates the association between heart rate variability, and wise reasoning. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 10(68). [html]

Grossmann, I. & Santos, H. C. (2016). Individualistic cultures. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. K. Shackelford, Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2024-1 [link]

Grossmann, I. (2016). Wisdom and heart rate. European Heart Journal, 37(44), 3315. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehw479

Huynh, A. C., Yang, D. Y. & Grossmann, I. (2016). The value of prospective reasoning for close relationships. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7 (8), 893-902. doi: 10.1177/1948550616660591

Kung, F., Eibach, R., & Grossmann, I. (2016). Culture, fixed-world beliefs, relationships and perceptions of identity change. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7(7), 631-639. doi: 10.1177/1948550616652208

Varnum, M. E. W. & Grossmann, I. (2016). Pathogen prevalence is associated with cultural changes in gender equality. Nature Human Behavior, 1(0006). doi:10.1038/s41562-016-0003



​​Ford, B. Q., Dmitrieva, J. O., Heller, D., Chentsova-Dutton, Y., Grossmann, I., Tamir, M., Uchida, Y., Koopmann-Holm, B., Uhrig, M., Floerke, V., Bokhan, T., & Mauss, I. B. (2015). Culture shapes whether the pursuit of happiness predicts higher or lower well-being. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144(6), 1053-1062. [pdf]


Grossmann, I. & Varnum, M. E. W. (2015). Social structure, infectious diseases, disasters, secularism, and cultural change in America. Psychological Science, 26(3), 311-324. [pdf]


Hughes, J.Grossmann, I. & Cohen, A. B. (2015). Tolerating the “doubting Thomas”: How centrality of religious beliefs versus practices influences prejudice against atheists. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(1352). [link]

Klein, N., Grossmann, I., Uskul, A., Kraus, A., & Epley, N. (2015). It pays to be nice, but not really nice: Asymmetric reputations from prosociality across 7 countries. Judgment and Decision Making, 10(4), 355-364. [pdf]


Grossmann, I., Karasawa, M., Kan, C. & Kitayama, S. (2014). A cultural perspective on emotional experiences across the lifespan. Emotion, 14(4), 679-692. [pdf]

Grossmann, I. & Kross, E. (2014). Exploring “Solomon’s paradox”: Self-distancing eliminates the self-other asymmetry in wise reasoning about close relations in younger and older adults. Psychological Science, 25(8), 1571-1580. [pdf]

Grossmann, I., & Na, J. (2014). Research in culture and psychology: past lessons and future challenges. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science5(1), 1-14. [pdf]

Ross, M., Grossmann, I. & Schryer, E. (2014). Contrary to psychological and popular opinion, there is no compelling evidence that older adults are disproportionately victimized by consumer fraud. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9(4), 427-442. [pdf]



Grossmann, I., Na, J., Varnum, M. E. W., Kitayama, S., & Nisbett, R. E. (2013). A route to well-being: Intelligence vs. wise reasoning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 142(3), 944-953[pdf]

Grossmann. I., & Huynh, A. C. (2013). Where is the culture in social class? Psychological Inquiry, 24 (2), 112-119. [pdf]


Grossmann, I., Karasawa, M., Izumi, S., Na, J., Varnum, M. E. W., Kitayama, S., & Nisbett, R. E. (2012). Aging and wisdom: Culture matters. Psychological Science, 23(10), 1059-1066. [pdf]

Kimel, S.Y., Grossmann, I., & Kitayama, S. (2012). When gift-giving produces dissonance: Effects of subliminal affiliation priming on choices for one's self versus close others. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48(5), 1221-1224. [pdf]
Kross, E. & Grossmann, I. (2012). Boosting wisdom: Distance from the self enhances wise reasoning, attitudes and behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141(1), 43-48. [pdf]
Grossmann, I., Ellsworth, P.C., Hong, Y-y. (2012). Culture, attention, and emotion. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141(1), 31-36. [pdf]


Grossmann, I. & Varnum, M.E.W. (2011). Culture, social class, and cognition. Social Psychological and Personality Science2(1), 81-89. [pdf]



Grossmann, I. & Kross, E. (2010). The impact of culture on adaptive vs. maladaptive self-reflection. Psychological Science21(8), 1150-1157. [pdf]

Grossmann, I., Na, J., Varnum, M. E.W., Park, D. C., Kitayama, S. & Nisbett, R.E. (2010). Reasoning about social conflicts improves into old age. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(16), 7246-7250[pdf]

Na, J., Grossmann, I., Varnum, M.E.W., Gonzalez, R., Kitayama, S., & Nisbett, R.E. (2010). When cultural differences are not reducible to individual differences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(14), 6192-6197. [pdf]

Varnum, M.E.W., Grossmann, I., Kitayama, S., & Nisbett, R.E. (2010). The origin of cultural differences in cognition: Evidence for the social orientation hypothesis. Current Directions in Psychological Science19(1), 9-13. [pdf]


Varnum, M.E.W., Grossmann, I., Katunar, D., Nisbett, R.E., & Kitayama, S. (2008). Holism in a European cultural context: Differences in cognitive style between Central and East Europeans and Westerners. Journal of Cognition and Culture8, 321-333. [pdf]

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