The flying car might be closer than we think.

In a warehouse down the road from Waterloo’s main campus, Abi Chandrasekhar (BASc in progress) and Gonzalo Espinoza Graham (BASc ’19) are building a prototype of a single-passenger aircraft. In it, they see the potential to revolutionize urban transportation.

The idea took root in Abi’s mind when he was in his first year of mechanical engineering. Like many of his peers, he’d seen the movie Iron Man and marveled at the hero’s rocket-powered suit of armour. Abi wondered, “Is it possible to build that suit today?”


He started doing research and calculations, and he found out that jet engines actually could transport a person by air — but they would be too noisy, and too much work to maintain.

Still, Abi was curious, so he continued his research over the next two years. He discovered that electric propulsion had advanced to the point where it could power a solo vehicle. He tapped his classmate Gonzalo on the shoulder to help him research the companies that were developing these new technologies. Their conclusion?

Abi says, “We thought we could do it better.”

So, in fourth year the friends formed a student design team to develop their own version of a flying car. Even then, the two friends knew this was more than an extracurricular project.

“Our goal was always to treat this as a business,” says Abi. “It was an easy decision: who doesn't want personal air travel from their garage?”


The pair now work on Watfly full time out of the Velocity Garage, where they focus on building their technology and finding ways get future users on board. Given that the average car in the U.S. carries less than two people, Abi and Gonzalo see individual air travel as a way to reduce gridlock on the roads, helping companies regain lost productivity and giving commuters back a portion of their day.

To help travelers transition from the road to the air, Abi and Gonzalo are making their vehicles autonomous. It removes the need for pilots and special licenses — and autonomy, they say, is almost ready to ride.

“Most people within the air travel sector believe that autonomy in the air will beat out autonomy on the roads,” says Abi. “You don't have to deal with pedestrians, traffic lights or lane markings that disappear. The basic technology already exists, so it’s mostly a solved problem.”

Abi and Gonzalo with prototype

Abi (left) and Gonzalo pose with their two prototypes.

To create a system that introduces users to the aircraft, Abi and Gonzalo plan to release their vehicles through a new commuter service. They’re aiming to build a network of stations where passengers can take off and land Watfly aircraft. Because the vehicles have a small footprint, the company could make use of more than 5,000 helipads that already exist in North America.  

“The response to our plan has been very enthusiastic, but we get a lot of questions as well,” says Gonzalo. “Our approach has been to put our heads down and build it so people see it, because we know it's possible.”

We knew our plan made sense, but we didn’t know how to do it with no money. Velocity gave us a way.

Gonzalo Espinoza Graham, Alumnus

Crystallizing their vision has taken some time. The friends spent almost a year and a half working with Velocity to hone their business idea, losing several pitch competitions along the way. Then they hit their stride, winning the Velocity Fund Finals $5K last summer and taking home another $50,000 from the Velocity Fund Pitch Competition in the fall.

“That was when I said, ‘Okay, we can actually do this,’ ” says Gonzalo. “We knew our plan made sense, but we didn’t know how to do it with no money. Velocity gave us a way.”

Flight-testing should begin by the end of 2021. As Abi and Gonzalo develop their prototype, they’re also working steadily to grow to their business.

“We don't try to convince everyone to join us,” Gonzalo says. “We find others who share our vision, because there are people out there who see it right away.”