Canada has adopted international commitments to support the implementation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as part of a global agenda for 2030. This project, led by Prof. Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger, seeks to address the pressing needs disproportionately felt by First Nations communities across Canada by analyzing whether and how selected modern treaties respond to the SDGs across key sectoral areas, i.e. social, environmental and economic. This research seeks to inform indigenous leaders, policy makers, academics, and interested parties of the rights and obligations set out in 15 selected modern First Nations treaties across Canada in relation to the 17 SDGs.