The difference between Mastodons and Mammoths:

  1. Tusks. The mammoth had long curved tusks, reaching up to 4.5 meters in length. The mastodon had shorter tusks, which reached only 2.5 meters.
  2. Teeth. Mastodons and mammoths had the same amount of teeth over their life time, but mastodons had more teeth in their jaw at one time. Mastodons and mammoths also had different food sources, which are reflected in their teeth. Mammoths grazed on grasses, similar to modern cattle, while mastodons ate softer vegetation, such as leaves and twigs.
  3. Size. A mastodon typically stood 2-3 meters tall. They generally had flatter heads than mammoths, and were bulkier. Mammoths typically stood at 4 meters tall.