# Earth Sciences - PhD at Waterloo

## At a glance:

• February 1 (for admission in September)
• June 1 (for admission in January of the following year)
• October 1 (for admission in May of the following year)

• Aqueous and Organic Hydrogeochemistry
• Ecohydrology
• Foundational Earth Sciences
• Hydrogeology and Geophysics
• Isotope Hydrology and Geochemistry

### Study options

• Thesis

• The program is open to students who have completed a Master of Science (MSc) degree with a 75% average and who have outstanding academic credentials and a demonstrated ability to do original scholarly work.
• A normal requirement is a background in geology or geological engineering, but other experience relevant to a candidate's research interests will be considered. Candidates will be evaluated on an individual basis.
• University regulations permit that under exceptional circumstances, outstanding students with a Bachelor of Science (BSc) degree, can be admitted directly into the PhD program.
• Before applying to the program, students are strongly advised to establish contact with potential supervisors. It is a good strategy to identify whether the potential supervisors that students would like to undertake research with have available positions and funding.
• Proof of English language proficiency, if applicable. TOEFL 90 (writing 25, speaking 25), IELTS 7.0 (writing 6.5, speaking 6.5)

### Approximate tuition, fees, and living costs

• Canadian and permanent resident students, full-time: $2,254.00 tuition and$491.01 incidental fees per term (as of January 2021)
• International students, full-time: $7,182.00 tuition and$703.01 incidental fees per term (as of January 2021)
• Study and living costs