CIW Director and Professor

Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies; Cross-appointed to the Department of Geography and Environmental Management; Research Faculty Associate in the Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience, University of Waterloo; Canadian Advisor - Leisure and Culture Domain 

Profile picture for Bryan SmaleContact information


Phone: 519-888-4567, ext. 35664

Bryan Smale's University of Waterloo profile

Dr. Bryan Smale is Director of the Canadian Index of Wellbeing (CIW) housed in the Faculty of Applied Health Sciences at the University of Waterloo. He has Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in Leisure Studies from the University of Waterloo and a PhD in Geography from the University of Western Ontario. His research focuses on the role of leisure in the health and wellbeing of individuals and communities, the spatial distribution and analysis of leisure in communities, time use allocation, and social indicators research. He is currently a member of Statistics Canada’s Advisory Committee on Social Conditions, on the Steering Committee of Research Data Canada, and Editor in Chief of Leisure/Loisir. He was elected as a Fellow to The Academy of Leisure Sciences in 2012. 

Selected publications 

Canadian Index of Wellbeing. (2016). How are Canadians Really Doing? The 2016 CIW National Report. Waterloo, ON: Canadian Index of Wellbeing and University of Waterloo. [Principal author]

Canadian Index of Wellbeing. (2012). How are Canadians Really Doing? The CIW 2012 Report. Waterloo, ON: Canadian Index of Wellbeing and University of Waterloo. [Principal author]

Smale, B., & Hilbrecht, M. (2014). Canadian Index of Wellbeing. In A.C. Michalos (Ed.). Encyclopedia of quality of life and well-being research (pp. 493-500). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.

Canadian Index of Wellbeing. (2014). How are Ontarians Really Doing? A Provincial Report on Ontario Wellbeing. Waterloo, ON: Canadian Index of Wellbeing and the University of Waterloo. [Principal author]

Hilbrecht, M., Smale, B., & Mock, S.E. (2014). Highway to health? Commute time and wellbeing among Canadian adults. World Leisure Journal, 56(2), 151-163.

Hogan, M., Johnston, H., Broome, B., McMoreland, C., Walsh, J.,Smale, B., … , Groarke, A.M. (2015). Consulting with citizens in the design of wellbeing measures and policies: Lessons from a systems science applicationSocial Indicators Research, 123(3), 857-877.

Smale, B., & Hilbrecht, M. (2016). From national to local: Measuring wellbeing at the community level. In R. Phillips & C. Wong (Eds.), The handbook of community wellbeing. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.

University of Waterloo