What it measures
Commute time is the total amount of time needed to travel back and forth to work each day. How that time effects workers’ wellbeing depends not only on the amount of time spent commuting, but also on the quality of the commute time. Commute quality factors include things like traffic congestion and other things beyond the driver’s control (e.g., accidents, and unsafe or inconsiderate other drivers).
Why this matters
Long commute times can negatively influence many aspects of wellbeing. Increased time spent commuting can lead to a decreased sense of work-life balance, more time pressure, and lower overall life satisfaction. Further, longer car commutes – especially in congested traffic – are linked to increased stress, poorer mood, less physical activity, and an increase in environmentally damaging outcomes like greenhouse gases and pollution.
Indicator data table
|Year||Time (in minutes)|
Statistics Canada General Social Survey, Time Use cycles
- World Leisure Journal: Highway to health? Commute time and well-being among Canadian adults (PDF)
- Statistics Canada: Commuting to work social survey
- Adecco: How grueling commutes quash productivity
- National Post: Commuting survey results