Percentage experiencing discrimination in past 5 years based on ethno-cultural characteristics

What it measures

Dimension: Attitudes towards others and community

This indicator represents the percentage of the population who, in the past five years, have experienced discrimination or have been treated unfairly by others in Canada because of their ethnicity or culture. According to the Canadian Human Rights Commission, examples of discrimination include (but are not limited to): denying goods, services, facilities, and accommodations; harassment; denying employment; and, providing lower wages for work of the same value.

Why this matters

Experiences of discrimination are known to have a negative impact on mental and emotional health and wellbeing and can challenge a person’s sense of belonging to community. As such, low levels of discrimination contribute to stronger feelings of community vitality. 

Data sources

Statistics Canada General Social Survey (GSS)
Further information:

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