Percentage of labour force in long-term unemployment

What it measures

Dimension: Economic security

This indicator reports the proportion of working age Canadians who have been unemployed for more than one year. Long-term unemployment declined steadily between 1994 and 2008, but in the years following the economic crisis of 2008 the percentage of Canadians experiencing long-term unemployment nearly doubled and has stubbornly persisted at that rate since 2010.

Why this matters

Unemployment can lead to financial instability, stress, and decreased self-esteem and, accordingly, may have severe impacts on mental and physical health and overall wellbeing. As such, low rates of long-term unemployment are indicative of population wellbeing.

Data source

Statistics Canada, Canada Income Survey, CANSIM Table 282-0048
Further information:

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