|Title||A 3D ellipsoidal volumetric foot-ground contact model for forward dynamics|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Brown, P., and J. McPhee|
|Journal||Multibody System Dynamics|
|Keywords||contact dynamics, ellipsoid, foot-ground contact, gait, volumetric contact|
Foot--ground contact models are an important part of forward dynamic biomechanic models, particularly those used to model gait, and have many challenges associated with them. Contact models can dramatically increase the complexity of the multibody system equations, especially if the contact surface is relatively large or conforming. Since foot--ground contact has a large potential contact area, creating a computationally efficient model is challenging. This is particularly problematic in predictive simulations, which may determine optimal performance by running a model simulation thousands of times. An ideal contact model must find a balance between accuracy for large, conforming surfaces, and computational efficiency.