 Term: Fall 2024
 Course codes: AMATH 473/673, PHYS454
 Instructor: Achim Kempf
 Teaching Assistants: Boris Ragula, Adam TeixidoBonfill
 Prerequisite: AMATH 373 or PHYS 334, or consent of instructor.
 Lecture times and location: Tue+Thu 2:303:50pm. Room: AL211
First lecture: Thu Sep 5. Caution: See revised Schedule below!
Reading week: no lectures on Tue Oct 15 and Thu Oct 17.
Last lecture: Tue Dec 3  Office hours with Prof: Thursdays 4:005:00pm, starting Sep 5, in MC6334
 Office hours with a TA: Tuesdays 4:005:00pm in MC6334, starting Sep 17
 Tutorials with a TA: Thursdays, 11:30am12:20pm in E21732, starting Sep 19
 Homework: via Crowdmark
 Midterm exam: Tuesday Nov 5, 11:3012:20pm in E21732
 Final exam: TBA
 Grades (undergraduate): Homework 10%, Midterm 30%, Final 60%.
 Grades (graduate): Essay (see below) 1/3, remaining 2/3 as for undergraduate students.
 Graduate students (those who enroled in AMATH673):
 Homework, midterm and final will be the same as for undergraduate students.
 Plus, graduate students are to hand in an approximately 10 page essay by 11:59pm on December 21st.
 The topic of the essay is: The Berry Phase
 For general advice on writing an essay, see the bottom of this page.
 For online discussions about this course, for use by students, TAs and Prof: Sign up here on Piazza.
 Health precautions (permanent): If you have cold/flu/covid symptoms, do not come to class. Do the right thing, which is taking care of yourself and getting healthy first. For Lecture Videos (of my previous teaching), scroll down to the bottom of this page..In any case, all important updates will always be posted here.
Lecture Notes
Here are the Lecture Notes.
 Chapter 1 is a historical introduction which is not covered in the lectures and will not be examined. It is assigned reading.
 The lecture notes will be updated continually. Some updates are mere corrections of typos but corrections can also affect assignments.
 Therefore, best reload the lecture notes regularly, especially before doing homework.
 Caution: at the bottom of this page, you can find the video recordings of a prior teaching of this course, along with the lecture notes, as they were at the time. Since the homework in the lecture notes has slightly changed since then, do not use these old lecture as a source of the homework assignments.
Schedule
With the instructor stuck in Europe at the beginning, the first 5 lectures of the course will be on video, plus Q&A with instructor via zoom.
Make sure to view the lectures in time, i.e., by 4pm on the day in question. Then:
Tuesdays: from 5pm, there will be live Q&A with the instructor via Zoom.
Thursdays: from 4pm, there will be live Q&A with the instructor via Zoom.
The videos are from a previous teaching of the course in 36 short lectures i.e., in the format of three lectures weekly. Since our course is taught in the format twice weekly, each of our 24 lectures is 1.5 videos long.
The videos are sometimes a bit longer than 50min. They cover the regular material of this course, though at times a bit slower and/or in more detail.
Lecture 1 (Thu Sep 5): view all of video 1, and the first half of video 2 by 4pm. From 4pm, Q&A via Zoom.
Lecture 2 (Tue Sep 10): view second half of video 2, and all of video 3 by 4pm. From 5pm, Q&A via Zoom.
Lecture 3 (Thu Sep 12): view all of video 4, and the first half of video 5 by 4pm. From 4pm, Q&A via Zoom.
Lecture 4 (Tue Sep 17): view second half of video 5, and all of video 6 by 4pm. From 5pm, Q&A via Zoom.
Homework 1 is due: 5:30pm on Tue Sep 17.
Consists of all the exercises in Ch.2 of the lecture notes.
Lecture 5 (Thu Sep 19): view all of video 7, and the first half of video 8 by 4pm. From 4pm, Q&A via Zoom.
Lecture 6 (Tue Sep 24): From today, in person in room AL211, as originally scheduled.
Homework 2 is due: 11:30pm on Tue Sep 24.
Consists of the exercises 3.13.14, in the lecture notes.
Lecture 7 (Thu Sep 26)
Lecture 8 (Tue Oct 1)
Homework 3 is due: 11:30pm on Tue Oct 1.
Consists of the exercises 3.153.23 in the lecture notes.
Lecture 9 (Thu Oct 3)
Lecture 10 (Tue Oct 8)
Lecture 11 (Thu Oct 10)
Tue 15: no class b/c reading week
Thu 17: no class b/c reading week
Homework 4 is due: 11:30pm on Fri Oct 18.
Consists of the exercises 3.245.1 in the lecture notes.
Lecture 12 (Tue Oct 22)
Lecture 13 (Thu Oct 24)
Lecture 14 (Tue Oct 29)
Homework 5 is due: 11:30pm on Tue Oct 29.
Consists of the exercises 5.27.2 in the lecture notes.
Lecture 15 (Thu Oct 31)
*** Midterm on Tuesday Nov 5, 10:3011:20am in E21732 ***
Lecture 16 (Tue Nov 5)
Lecture 17 (Thu Nov 7)
Homework 6 is due: 11:30pm on Thu Nov 7.
Consists of the exercises 8.18.7 in the lecture notes.
Lecture 18 (Tue Nov 12)
Lecture 19 (Thu Nov 14)
Lecture 20 (Tue Nov 19)
Homework 7 is due: 11:30pm on Tue Nov 19.
Consists of the exercises 8.810.4 in the lecture notes.
Lecture 21 (Thu Nov 21)
Lecture 22 (Tue Nov 26)
Lecture 23 (Thu Nov 28)
Homework 8 is due: 11:30pm on Thu Nov 28.
Consists of the exercises 11.1  16.1 in the lecture notes.
Lecture 24 (Tue Dec 3)
All homework is to be submitted via Crowdmark.
Content
The aim of AMATH 473 / PHYS 454 is to give a deep understanding of the mathematical structure and physical principles which underlie quantum theory. The course should provide a basis from which interested students can proceed, for example, to studies of quantum technologies, or to studies of the quantum theory of fields, which can then lead, for example, to particle physics and to quantum gravity and cosmology.
In AMATH 473 / PHYS 454, we will, therefore, study the internal workings of quantum mechanics, in its abstract formulations by Heisenberg, Schroedinger, Dirac and Feynman, as well as practical perturbative tools for applying quantum mechanics to reallife systems. We will investigate the relation between BoseEinstein and Fermi statistics, symmetries and conservation laws, and we will cover Bell's paradox, open quantum systems, decoherence and thermal states.
Textbooks: Recommended are the modern texts by Griffiths, CohenTannoudji, Shankar and Sakurai, as well as the classics by Feynman Hibbs (path integral, ingenious) and Messiah (operator formalism, very comprehensive: >1000 pages). The two classics are now very cheap (from Dover).
For those who can't make it to class, e.g., because illness, the lecture videos and lecture notes from a prior teaching of this course, in 2020, can be found here:
Notice that this course was previously taught (in 2020) in the format of 3 lectures of 50min each per week. Our course in 2024 is taught in the format of 2 lectures of 75min per week, hence we will cover in 24 long lectures what in 2020 was covered in 36 short lectures. So, roughly, lectures 1,2 this year are lectures 1,2,3 in 2020 and lectures 14,15 this year are lectures 21,22,23 in 2020 etc.
Caution: Listed below are the lecture notes from 2020. The text and exercises have changed somewhat since. This means that for the purpose of finding the homework assignment you cannot use the lecture notes below. For homework, therefore always use the current lecture notes listed above.
Here are the recordings and lecture notes of the lectures of 2020:
Lecture 1, Video 1, Notes Ch.2.12.3.3
Lecture 2, Video 2, Notes Ch.2.332.5
Lecture 3, Video 3, Notes Ch.3.13.2
Lecture 4, Video 4, Notes Ch.3.2
Lecture 5, Video 5, Notes 3.43.4.4
Lecture 7, Video 7, Ch.3.4.63.6
Lecture 8, Video 8, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 9, Video 9, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 10, Video 10, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 11, Video 11, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 12, Video 12, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 13, Video 13, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 14, Video 14, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 15, Video 15, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 16, Video 16, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 17, Video 17, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 18, Video 18, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 19, Video 19, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 20, Video 20, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 21, Video 21, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 22, Video 22, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 23, Video 23, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 24, Video 24, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 25, Video 25, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 26, Video 26, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 27, Video 27, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 28, Video 28, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 29, Video 29, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 30, Video 30, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 31, Video 31, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 32, Video 32, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 33, Video 33, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 34, Video 34, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 35, Video 35, Lecture notes so far
Lecture 36, Video 36, Full lecture notes
General advice on what is expected in the essay (graduate students only)
 Format: title and abstract page/motivation/main parts/summary (or conclusions)/bibliography.
 Bibliography: List all of your sources explicitly. Of course you can use Wikipedia but you should not cite it  because it can change from day to day and because as it is not (yet) reliable enough to meet scientific standards. Instead, cite books and papers that you may have found via Wikipedia. Also, it is good style to list items in the bibliography in that sequence in which they are first referred to in the text.
 At most 10 pages.

An essay should be a review of existing literature on a given topic. The sources can be textbooks, lecture notes or review articles or original articles or some of each. All and everything that is used needs to be cited. Most articles are now available online and for example "Google Scholar" can get you there quickly. Try for example searching for a few key words along with the words "review" or "introduction". Most electronic journals require a subscription, which the university library usually has. For the license to be recognized you may need to browse either from a university computer (the domain is what counts) or you log into the library website from home and go to an electronic journal through the library's electronic journal search engine.

In the essay, your task is to show that you have understood and critically reflected upon the material by making it your own. You make it your own by coming up with an original way for presenting the material that you are bringing together. Try to give it your own angle or spin. Wherever possible, try to put things into a larger context. Sometimes (hopefully very rarely) it may be necessary to stick quite closely to a source, e.g., when a calculation is to be presented and the source does it in a way that is just hard to improve upon. In this case, you can make it your own for example by filling in a few steps in the calculation that the author omitted. In this case, it is important that you point out at that place that you do so. Filling in steps obviously proves that you understood that calculation.

A good essay describes. An excellent essay explains.

No original research is expected. But, you are encouraged to make educated speculations about what interesting things could be done in this area. You have been a regurgitating undergraduate for a long time. This is an opportunity to show that you still have some creativity left in you! Show that you are thinking for yourself.