Efficient target recovery using STAGE for mean-shift tracking

TitleEfficient target recovery using STAGE for mean-shift tracking
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsTung, F., J. S. Zelek, and D. A. Clausi
Conference Name6th Canadian Conference on Computer and Robot Vision
Date Published05/2009
Keywordsappearance-based tracking algorithm, camera view departure, failure recovery mechanism, image processing, iterative learning, iterative methods, learning systems, local search algorithm, mean-shift target localization algorithm, mean-shift tracking, occlusion, random-restart algorithm, robust visual tracking, STAGE, target recovery, target tracking

Robust visual tracking is a challenging problem, especially when a target undergoes complete occlusion or leaves and later re-enters the camera view. The mean-shift tracker is an efficient appearance-based tracking algorithm that has become very popular in recent years. Many researchers have developed extensions to the algorithm that improve the appearance model used in target localization. We approach the problem from a slightly different angle and seek to improve the robustness of the mean-shift tracker by integrating an efficient failure recovery mechanism. The proposed method uses a novel application of the STAGE algorithm to efficiently recover a target in the event of tracking failure. The STAGE algorithm boosts the performance of a local search algorithm by iteratively learning an evaluation function to predict good states for initiating searches. STAGE can be viewed as a random-restart algorithm that chooses promising restart states based on the shape of the state space, as estimated using the search trajectories from previous iterations. In the proposed method, an adapted version of STAGE is applied to the mean-shift target localization algorithm (Bhattacharyya coefficient maximization using the mean-shift procedure) to efficiently recover the lost target. Experiments indicate that the proposed method is viable as a technique for recovering from failure caused by complete occlusion or departure from the camera view.