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IMPROVED FINE STRUCTURE MODELING VIA GUIDED STOCHASTIC CLIQUE FORMATION IN FULLY CONNECTED CONDITIONAL RANDOM FIELDS

TitleIMPROVED FINE STRUCTURE MODELING VIA GUIDED STOCHASTIC CLIQUE FORMATION IN FULLY CONNECTED CONDITIONAL RANDOM FIELDS
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsShafiee, M. J., A. Chung, A. Wong, and P. Fieguth
Conference NameIEEE Conference on Image Processing
KeywordsCRF, Fully Connected, Guided Stochastic Cliques, Segmentation, SFCRF, Stochastic Cliques
Abstract

Markov random fields (MRFs) and conditional random fields (CRFs) are influential tools in image modeling, particularly for applications such as image segmentation. Local MRFs and CRFs utilize local nodal interactions when modeling, leading to excessive smoothness on boundaries (i.e., the short-boundary bias problem). Recently, the concept of fully connected conditional random fields with stochastic cliques (SFCRF) was proposed to enable long-range nodal interactions while addressing the computational complexity associated with fully connected random fields. While SFCRF was shown to provide significant improvements in segmentation accuracy, there were still limitations with the preservation of fine structure boundaries. To address these limitations, we propose a new approach to stochastic clique formation for fully connected random fields (G-SFCRF) that is guided by the structural characteristics of different nodes within the random field. In particular, fine structures surrounding a node are modeled statistically by probability distributions, and stochastic cliques are formed by considering the statistical similarities between nodes within the random fields. Experimental results show that G-SFCRF outperforms existing fully connected CRF frameworks, SFCRF, and the principled deep random field framework for image segmentation.

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