MAPS: A Quantitative Radiomics Approach for Prostate Cancer Detection

TitleMAPS: A Quantitative Radiomics Approach for Prostate Cancer Detection
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsCameron, A., F. Khalvati, A. Wong, and M. Haider
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering

This paper presents a quantitative radiomics feature model for performing prostate cancer detection using multiparametric MRI (mpMRI). It incorporates a novel tumor candidate identification algorithm to efficiently and thoroughly identify the regions of concern and constructs a comprehensive radiomics feature model to detect tumorous regions. In contrast to conventional automated classification schemes, this radiomics-based feature model aims to ground its decisions in a way that can be interpreted and understood by the diagnostician. This is done by grouping features into high-level feature categories which are already used by radiologists to diagnose prostate cancer: Morphology, Asymmetry, Physiology, and Size (MAPS), using biomarkers inspired by the PI-RADS guidelines for performing structured reporting on prostate MRI. Clinical mpMRI data were collected from 13 men with histology-confirmed prostate cancer and labeled by an experienced radiologist. These annotated data were used to train classifiers using the proposed radiomics-driven feature model in order to evaluate the classification performance. The preliminary experimental results indicated that the proposed model outperformed each of its constituent feature groups as well as a comparable conventional mpMRI feature model. A further validation of the proposed algorithm will be conducted using a larger dataset as future work.