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Physiological Characterization of Skin Lesion using Non-linear Random Forest Regression Model

TitlePhysiological Characterization of Skin Lesion using Non-linear Random Forest Regression Model
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsCho, D., S. Haider, R. Amelard, A. Wong, and D. A. Clausi
Conference Name36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Date Published02/2014
Conference LocationSheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers Chicago, IL, USA
Abstract

The current diagnostic technique for melanoma solely relies on the surface level of skin and under-skin information is neglected. Since physiological features of skin such as melanin are closely related to development of melanoma, the non-linear physiological feature extraction model based on random forest regression is proposed. The proposed model characterizes the concentration of eumelanin and pheomelanin from standard camera images or dermoscopic images, which are conventionally used for diagnosis of melanoma. For the validation, the phantom study and the separability test using clinical images were conducted and compared against the state-of-the-art non-linear and linear feature extraction models. The results showed that the proposed model outperformed other comparing models in phantom and clinical experiments. Promising results show that the quantitative characterization of skin features, which is provided by the proposed method, can allow dermatologists and clinicians to make a more accurate and improved diagnosis of melanoma.