Referencing and Research Skills

It is important to discuss citation expectations with your students, and not assume they know how to cite. Instructors should provide information on how to credit academic sources, and refer students to resources for additional support (e.g. liaison librarian, citation style guides, citation management software, etc.).

Ensure all of your teaching materials properly acknowledge all sources (including course notes, charts, data, tables, figures, maps, PowerPoint presentations, etc.) so that you lead by example. 

Resources for your students

Citation Guides

Reference Management Software

Reference management software can help students collect, format, organize, and insert in-text citations, footnotes, and bibliographies.

Zotero is free to use at the University of Waterloo, and is supported by the Library.

For help setting up and using Zotero:


Finding and using research