2015 publications

Anderson, B., Soliman, S., O'Malley, S., Danckert, J., & Besner, D. (2015).Control over the strength of connections between modules: A double dissociation between stimulus format and task revealed by Granger causality mapping in fMRI. Frontiers in Psychology, 6.

Thomson, D. R., Besner, D., & Smilek, D. (2015).A resource-control account of sustained attention: Evidence from mind-wandering and vigilance paradigms. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10(1), 82-96.

Thomson, D. R., Ralph, B. C. W.Besner, D., & Smilek, D. (2015). The more your mind wanders, the smaller your attentional blink: An individual differences study. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68(1), 181-191.

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2014 publications

O'Malley, S., & Besner, D. (2014). Is eye gaze direction always determined without intent? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 21(6), 1495-1500.

Thomson, D.R., Seli, P., Besner, D., & Smilek, D. (2014). On the link between mind wandering and task performance over time. Consciousness and Cognition, 27, 14-26. DOI:10.1016/j.concog.2014.04.001

Thomson, D.R., Smilek, D., & Besner, D. (2014). On the asymmetric effects of mind-wandering on levels of processing at encoding and retrieval. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 21, 728-733. DOI:10.3758/s13423-013-0526-9

Robidoux, S., Rauwerda, D., & Besner, D. (2014). Basic processes in reading aloud and colour naming: Towards a better understanding of the role of spatial attentionQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67(5), 979-990. DOI:10.1080/17470218.2013.838686

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2013 publications

O'Malley, S., & Besner, D. (2013). Reading aloud: Does previous trial history modulate the joint effects of stimulus quality and word frequency? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 39(4), 1321-1325. DOI:10.1037/a0031673

Thomson, D.R., Besner, D., & Smilek, D. (2013). In pursuit of off-task thought: Mind wandering performance trade-offs while reading aloud and color naming. Frontiers in Psychology, 4DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00360

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2012 publications

Reynolds, M., Mulatti, C., & Besner, D. (2012). Reading nonwords aloud: Evidence for dynamic control in skilled readers. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 19(6), 1135-1141. DOI:10.3758/s13423-012-0290-2

O'Malley, S., & Besner, D. (2012). Reading aloud and the question of intent. Consciousness and Cognition, 21(3), 1298-1310. DOI:10.1080/17470218.2012.669144

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2011 publications

O’Malley, S. & Besner, D. (2011), Lexical processing while deciding what task to perform: Reading aloud in the context of the task set paradigm. Consciousness & Cognition, 20(4), 1594-1603. DOI:10.1016/j.concog.2011.08.006

Risko, E.F., Lanthier, S.N., & Besner, D. (2011). Basic processes in reading: The effect of interletter spacing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37(6), 1449-1457. DOI:10.1037/a0024332

Reynolds, M., Besner, D., & Coltheart, M. (2011). Reading aloud: New evidence for contextual control over the breadth of lexical activation. Memory & Cognition, 39(7), 1332-1347. DOI:10.3758/s13421-011-0095-y

Besner, D., Moroz, S., & O'Malley, S. (2011). On the strength of connections between localist mental modules as a source of frequency-of-occurrence effects. Psychological Science, 22(3), 393-398. DOI:10.1177/0956797610397957

Tree, J.J., Longmore, C., Besner, D. (2011). Orthography, phonology, short-term memory and the effects of concurrent articulation on rhyme and homophony judgements. Acta Psychologica, 136(1), 11-19. DOI:10.1016/j.actpsy.2010.08.009

Risko, E.F., Stolz, J.A., & Besner, D. (2011). Basic processes in reading: on the relation between spatial attention and familiarity (PDF)Language and Cognitive Processes, 26(1), 47-62. DOI:10.1080/01690961003679574

Blais, C., O'Malley, S., & Besner, D. (2011). On the joint effects of repetition and stimulus quality in lexical decision: Looking to the past for a new way forward. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64(12), 2368-2382. DOI:10.1080/17470218.2011.591535

Reynolds, M.G., & Besner, D. (2011). There goes the neighbourhood: Contextual control over the breadth of lexical activation when reading aloud. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64(12), 2405-2424. DOI:10.1080/17470218.2011.614352

Waechter, S., Besner, D., & Stolz, J.A. (2011). Basic processes in reading: Spatial attention as a necessary preliminary to orthographic and semantic processing. Visual Cognition, 19(2), 171-202. DOI:10.1080/13506285.2010.517228

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2010 publications

Risko, E., Stolz, J., & Besner, D. (2010). Spatial attention modulates feature crosstalk in visual word processing (PDF). Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 72, 989-998. DOI:10.3758/APP.72.4.989

Schmidt, J., De Houwer, J., & Besner, D. (2010). Contingency learning and unlearning in the blink of an eye: A resource dependent process (PDF). Consciousness and Cognition, 19(1) 235-250 DOI:10.1016/j.concog.2009.12.01

Robidoux, S., & Besner, D. (2010). When Benefits Outweigh Costs: Reconsidering “Automatic” Phonological Recoding When Reading Aloud (PDF). Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, in press.

Besner, D., O’Malley, S., & Robidoux, S. (2010). On the joint effects of stimulus quality, regularity and lexicality when reading aloud: New Challenges (PDF). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 36, 3, 750-764.doi:10.1037/a0019178

Robidoux, S., Stolz, J. A., & Besner, D. (2010). Visual word recognition: Evidence for global and local control over semantic feedback (PDF). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 36, 3, 689-703. doi:10.1037/a0018741

Waechter, S., Besner, D., & Stolz, J. (2010). Visual word recognition: On the reliability of repetition priming (PDF). Visual Cognition, 18 (4), 537-558. doi: 10.1080/13506280902868603

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2009 publications

Besner, D., Reynolds, M., & O’Malley, S. (2009). When underadditivity of factor effects in the Psychological Refractory Period paradigm implies a bottleneck: Evidence from psycholinguistics (PDF). Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (in press). doi:10.1080/17470210902747187

Lanthier, S., Risko, E.F., Stolz, J.A., & Besner, D. (2009). Not all visual features are created equal: Early processes in letter and word recognition (PDF). Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16, 67-73. doi:10.3758/PBR.16.1.67

Paulitzki, J. R., Risko, E.F., O’Malley, S., Stolz, J.A. & Besner, D. (2009). On the role of set when reading aloud: A dissociation between prelexical and lexical processing (PDF). Consciousness and Cognition 18, 135–144. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2008.11.007

Maloney, E.A., Risko, E.F., O’Malley, S., & Besner, D. (2009). Tracking the transition from sublexical to lexical processing: On the creation of orthographic and phonological lexical entries in reading aloud (PDF). Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 62, 858–867. doi:10.1080/17470210802578385

Besner, D., & O’Malley, S. (2009). Additivity of factor effects in reading tasks is still a challenge for computational models: Reply to Ziegler, Perry and Zorzi (2009) (PDF). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 35, 312-316.doi:10.1037/a0014555

Rastle, K., Havelka, J., Wydell, T. N., Coltheart, M., & Besner, D. (2009). The cross script length effect: Further evidence challenging PDP models of reading aloud (PDF). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 35, 238-246.doi:10.1037/a0014361

Ferguson, R., Robidoux, S., & Besner, D. (2009). Reading aloud: Contextual control over lexical activation (PDF). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 35, 499-507. doi:10.1037/a0013162

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2008 publications

O’Malley, S., & Besner, D. (2008). Reading aloud: Qualitative differences in the relation between word frequency and stimulus quality as a function of context (PDF). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition 34, 1400-1411. doi:10.1037/a0013084

Risko, E.F., & Besner, D. (2008). A role for set in the control of automatic spatial response activation (PDF). Experimental Psychology 55, 38-46. doi:10.1027/1618-3169.55.1.38

Yap, M. J., Balota, D.A., Tse, C.S., & Besner, D. (2008). On the additive effects of stimulus quality and word frequency in lexical decision: Evidence for opposing interactive influences revealed by RT distributional analyses (PDF). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 34, 495-513. doi: 10.1037/0278-7393.34.3.495

O’Malley, S., Reynolds, M., Stolz, J.A., & Besner, D. (2008). Reading Aloud: Spelling- sound translation uses central attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 34, 422-429. doi:10.1037/0278-7393.34.2.422 PDF

Schmidt, J. & Besner, D. (2008). The Stroop effect: Why proportion congruent has nothing to do with congruency and everything to do with contingency (PDF). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 34, 422-429. doi:10.1037/0278-7393.34.3.514

Besner, D., Wartak, S., & Robidoux, S. (2008). Constraints on implemented models of basic processes in reading (PDF). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 34, 242-250. doi:10.1037/0096-1523.34.1.242

Reynolds M., & Besner, D. (2008). Contextual effects on reading aloud: Evidence for pathway control (PDF). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 34, 50-64. doi:10.1037/0278-7393.34.1.50

Risko, E.F., Blais, C., Stolz, J.A., & Besner, D. (2008). Non-strategic contributions to putatively strategic effects in selective attention tasks: Proportion compatible manipulations reconsidered (PDF). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 34, 1044-1052. doi:10.1037/0096-1523.34.4.1044

Risko, E.F., Blais, C., Stolz, J.A. and Besner, D. (2008). Covert orienting: A compound cue account of the Proportion Cued Effect (PDF). Psychonomic  Bulletin and Review, 15, 123-127. doi:10.3758/PBR.15.1.123

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2007 publications

Blais, C., Robidoux, S., Risko, E.F., & Besner, D. (2007). Item specific adaptation and the conflict monitoring hypothesis (PDF). Psychological Review, 114, 1076-1086. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.114.4.1076

Blais, C., & Besner, D. (2007). A reverse Stroop effect without translation or reading difficulty. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 14, 466-470.

Schmidt, J., Crump, M., Cheesman, J. & Besner, D. (2007) Contingency learning without awareness: Evidence for implicit control. Consciousness and Cognition, 16, 421- 435.doi:10.1016/j.concog.2006.06.010

Borgman, K, W. U., Risko, E.F., Stolz, J.A., & Besner, D. (2007). Simon says: Reliability and the role of working memory and attentional control in the Simon task. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 313-319.

Blais, C., & Besner, D. (2007). Reading aloud: When the effects of stimulus quality distinguish between cascaded and thresholded components. Experimental Psychology, 54, 215-224. doi:10.1027/1618-3169.54.3.215

O’Malley, S., Reynolds, M., & Besner, D. (2007). Qualitative differences between the joint effects of stimulus quality and word frequency in lexical decision and reading aloud: Extensions to Yap and Balota. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 33, 451-458. doi:10.1037/0278-7393.33.2.451

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2006 publications

Besner, D. (2006). Visual language processing and additive effects of multiple factors on timed performance: A challenge for the Interactive-Activation framework? Psycrit (

Reynolds, M., & Besner, D. (2006). Reading aloud is not automatic: Processing capacity is needed to generate a phonological code. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 32, 1303-1323. doi:10.1037/0096-1523.32.6.1303

Blais, C., & Besner, D. (2006). Reverse Stroop Effects With Untranslated Responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 32, 1345-1353. doi:10.1037/0096-1523.32.6.1345

Brown, M., Stolz, J.A., & Besner, D. (2006). Dissociative effects of stimulus quality on semantic and morphological context effects in visual word recognition. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 60, 190-199. doi:10.1037/cjep2006018

Mulatti, C., Reynolds, M., & Besner, D. (2006). Neighbourhood effects in visual word recognition: New findings and new challenges for computational models. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 32, 799-810. doi:10.1037/0096-1523.32.4.799

Risko, E.F., Dixon, M.J., Besner, D., & Farber, S. (2006). The ties that keep us bound: Top-down influences on the persistence of shape-from-motion. Consciousness and Cognition, 15, 475-483. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2005.11.004

Ferguson, R., & Besner, D. (2006). Visual word recognition: Can functional phonological recoding be blocked? Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology , 60, 148-158. doi:10.1037/cjep2006014

Risko, Schmidt, J., & Besner, D. (2006). Filling a gap in the semantic gradient: Color associates and response set in the Stroop task. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 13, 310-315.

Borowsky, R. & Besner, D. (2006). Parallel distributed processing and lexical-semantic effects in visual word recognition: Are a few stages necessary? (PDF) Psychological Review, 113, 181-193. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.113.1.181

Besner, D. & Borowsky, R. (2006). Post script: Plaut and Booth’s new simulations: What have we learned? Psychological Review, 113, 194-195.

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