Associate Professor

519-888-4567 x 48639photograph of Jennifer Schulenberg.

PhD Sociology (Waterloo)
MA Sociology and Anthropology (Guelph)
BA  Sociology and Anthropology (Guelph)

2020 Outstanding Performance Award
2016 Faculty of Arts Excellence in Teaching Award
2016 Outstanding Performance Award
2005 Governor General of Canada Academic Gold Medal
2019 EU Erasmus+ Teaching Fellow (University of Graz, Austria)

Research, teaching, and supervision areas

  • Policing
  • Youth crime
  • Vulnerable populations
  • Evidence-based practice
  • Criminal justice system
  • Socio-legal responses to crime
  • Sexuality & the law
  • Quantitative and qualitative research methods

Current research

Mental health as police property: This book uses ethnographic research to examine how Canadian police respond to the needs of persons with mental illness as primary responders (for example, in response to 911 calls). It explores the mandate and responsibilities of police officers in dealing with mental health-related issues in terms of public safety and crime preventation and response, along with their resulting perceptions on these matters. 

Ontario Provincial Police School Resource Officer Program Review: This SSHRC-funded project reviews the SRO program and role, mandate, and partnerships to determine if it should be continued, modified, or elimninated and explore alternative options. The goal is to make school environments safe for all students, commit to equity and inclusion, and focus on positive engagement. It examines police/youth interactions, involves case studies, identifies systemic issues in the community, and includes consultations with community stakeholders (like BIPOC, LGBTQ2S+, marginalized members, vulnerable and/or at-risk youth, and school boards).

Research grants

  • Principal Investigator, “Policing innovation: An investigation of targeted interventions and responses to youth crime”. SSHRC Insight Grant ($200,436), 2017-2021.
  • Co-Investigator, “Peer influence and theft: An experimental test”. SSHRC Insight Development Grant ($54,203), 2015-2017 (PI: O. Gallupe).
  • Co-Investigator, “Exploring police responses to citizens in mental crisis”. SSHRC Insight Development Grant ($56,636), 2015-2017 (PI: J. A. Lavoie).
  • Principal Investigator, “Bridging the divide: The dynamic, challenges, & factors affecting police discretion with youth”. SSHRC/UW 4A Grant ($8,000), 2013-2014.
  • Principal Investigator, “The Ontario police complaints system: Where are we three years later”. SSHRC Public Outreach Grant ($100,000), 2012-2015.
  • Principal Investigator, “The internationalization of juvenile justice”. Waterloo International | Centre for Teaching Excellence Course Internationalization Grant ($1,500), 2012.
  • Principal Investigator, “The dynamics of antisocial behaviour: An investigation of responses to youth crime by schools, the police, and treatment providers”. UW/SSHRC Seed Grant ($5,216), 2009-2011.
  • Co-Investigator, “Evaluation of taser use by the Houston Police Department”. City of Houston Controller’s Officer (US $65,000), 2007-2009 (PI: M. Frasier).

Selected publications

Journal articles and presentations

  • Huey, L., Schulenberg, J.L., Koziarski, J. (2021). Policing mental health: Public safety and crime prevention in Canada. Springer Nature (under contract)
  • Gallupe, O., Lalonde, P., Nguyen, H., & Schulenberg, J.L. (2019). A randomized trial testing deviant modeling, peer gender, and theft: Replication and extension. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 15(3), 421-439. 
  • Schulenberg, J. L., Chenier, A., Buffone, S., & Wojciechowski, C. (2017). An application of procedural justice to stakeholder perspectives: Examining police legitimacy and public trust in police complaints systems. Policing & Society, 27, 779-796.
  • Buffone, S., Chenier, A., Schulenberg, J. L., & Sycz, D. (2017). Improving the police complaints system: Stakeholder collaboration as a vehicle for systems change. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 42, 293-313.
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2016). The dynamics of criminological research. Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press.
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2016). Police decision-making in the gray zone: The dynamics of police citizen encounters with mentally ill persons. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 43, 459-482
  • Gallupe, O., Nguyen, H., Bouchard, M., Schulenberg, J. L., Chenier, A., & Cook, K. D. (2015). An experimental test of deviant modeling. Journal of Crime & Delinquency, 53, 482-505.
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2015). Moving beyond arrest and reconceptualizing police discretion: An investigation into the factors affecting conversation, assistance, and criminal charges. Police Quarterly, 18, 244-271.
  • Schulenberg, J. L., & Chenier, A. (2014). At international protest events the ‘buck stops here’: Media frames defining the police and protestors as social problems. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 56, 261-294.
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2014). Systematic Social Observation of police behaviour: The process, logistics, and challenges in a Canadian context. Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, 48, 297-315.
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2010). Patterns in police decision-making with youth: An application of Black’s theory of law. Crime, Law, and Social Change53, 109-129.
  • Schulenberg, J. L., & Warren, D. M. (2009). Content and adequacy of specialized police training to handle youth-related incidents: Perceptions of trainers, supervisors, and front-line officers. International Criminal Justice Review19, 456-477.
  • Schulenberg, J. L., & Warren, D. (2009). Police discretion with apprehended youth: Assessing the impact of juvenile specialization. Police Practice and Research: An International Journal10, 3-16.

Government and practitioner reports

  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2018). An investigation on bias and prejudice: Measurement in a policing context. Survey Design Report prepared for Durham Regional Police Service.
  • Schulenberg, J. L., & Sycz, D. (2017). Optimizing police strength: Exploring effectiveness, efficiency, & workload for patrol officers. Preliminary survey findings report prepared for the Stratford Police Association.
  • Schulenberg, J. L., & Chatterjee, A. (2013). The Ontario police complaints system forum: Perspectives from the community, police and policy-makers. Final reported prepared for the Attorney General of Ontario and the Office of the Independent Police Review Director.
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2013). A view from the streets: Preliminary findings. Prepared for Chief Matthew Torigian, Waterloo Regional Police Service.
  • Buffone, S., & Schulenberg, J. L. (2012). Investing in our youth: Community safety and the role of the Toronto Police Service in building healthy communities. Report on the Hate Crimes Peer Education Evaluation. Toronto, ON: Scadding Court Community Centre.
  • Buffone, S., & Schulenberg, J. L. (2012). Investing in our youth: Community safety and the role of the Toronto Police Service in building health communities. Report on the Hate Crimes Peer Education High School Surveys. Toronto, ON: Scadding Court Community Centre.
  • Cross, R., Duncavage, T. C., Frasier, M. L., Granato, J., Jones, M. P., Lawton, B., Mayes, T. J., Reed, W., Schulenberg, J. L., Soltis, M. G., & Wong, M. C. S. (2009). City of Houston: Conducted energy device program performance audit (Report No. 2009-09). Houston, TX: Mir Fox & Rodriguez, City of Houston Controller’s Office, and City of Houston Auditor’s Office. [Authors listed in alphabetical order]

Invited talks

  • Schulenberg, J.L. (2019). SSHRC Insight Grant Panel. Office of Research, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, 05 September.
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2019). Policing in the grey zone: An investigation into the challenges of procedural justice for police interactions with persons in a mental health crisis. Gesellschaft für Soziologie, Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät, University of Graz, Austria, 17 June.
  • Schulenberg, J.L. (2017). SSHRC Insight Grant Panel. Office of Research, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, 20 June.
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2017). Understanding youth crime. Youth Crime Investigator Course, Toronto Police College, Toronto, ON.
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2016). Policing youth: Creating change one person at a time. Waterloo Regional Police Service Cops & Youth Program, Cambridge, ON. [Annually since 2009]
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2014; 2015; 2016). A reason to hope: Antisocial behaviour and youth in conflict with the law. Guelph Police Service Youth Engagement Program, Guelph, ON.
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2014). Public order policing: The value of mounted police units. Making and breaking barriers: Assessing the value of mounted police units in the UK Symposium, University of Oxford | RAND Europe | Association of Chief Police Officers, Oxford, United Kingdom.
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2013). A view from the trenches: Perceptions and responses to antisocial behaviour and youth crime. Keynote speaker, Public Criminology Lecture Series, Wilfrid Laurier|Brantford, Brantford, ON.
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2013) The Police Complaints System in Ontario: Perspectives on moving forward and what change means. Panellist, Report Launch and Media Release, Scadding Court Community Centre, Toronto, ON.
  • Schulenberg, J. L. (2011). The dynamics of social control: Perspectives and responses to youth in conflict with the law. Gesellschaft für Soziologie, Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät, University of Graz, Austria.
  • Schulenberg, J.L. (2008). The personal is public. Keynote speaker, Arkansas Victim Assistance Academy, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Little Rock, AR.

Professional activities

  • Insight Grant Adjudication Committee Member, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, 2017.
  • Academic Consultant, Waterloo Crime Prevention Team, Waterloo Regional Police Service, 2013-2017.
  • Editorial Advisory Board Member, Canadian Graduate Journal of Sociology and Criminology, 2012-present.
  • Editorial Advisory Board Member, Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 2010-2014.
  • Committee Member, Advisory Group on Research & Evaluation (AGORE), Waterloo Region Crime Prevention Council, 2009-present.
  • Associate Editor & Book Review Editor, Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 2004-2010.
  • Advisory Board Member, Center for Safe and Secure Schools, Harris County, Texas, 2006-2008.
University of Waterloo

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