Sarah Wilkins-Laflamme

Associate Professor | Associate Chair for Undergraduate Studies, Sociology

Sarah Wilkins-Laflamme

PhD Sociology (University of Oxford)
MA Sociology (University of Ottawa)
BSocSc Sociology and Criminology (University of Ottawa)

Research and teaching areas


  • Religion, attitudes and social behaviour
  • Secularization, non-religion and non-belief
  • Social change
  • Immigration and ethnicity
  • Political sociology


  • Quantitative methodology
  • Research methods
  • Sociology of religion
  • Contemporary sociological theory

Current research

Broadly speaking, my research focuses on national and temporal trends in religious identities and behaviour, and how various aspects of religion (belonging, beliefs and practices) influence individual social attitudes and action. More specifically, I study social differences between individuals who are religious and those who are not, and how these dynamics are evolving in contemporary Western societies.

I am currently involved in a number of SSHRC-funded research projects: 1) Surveying Millennials’ Non-Religious Homophily and Social Distance; 2) Religion, Spirituality, Secularity and Society in the Pacific Northwest;3) Vers la sortie du catholicisme culturel au Québec;and 4)Nonreligion in a Complex Future.


Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2020. “Like Parent, Like Millennial: Inherited and Switched (Non)Religion Among Young Adults in the USA and Canada.” Journal of Religion and Demography 7(1): 123-149.

Thiessen, Joel and Sarah Wilkins-Laflamme. 2020. None of the Above: Nonreligious Identity in the U.S. and Canada. New York:New York University Press.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah and Joel Thiessen. 2020. “Religious Socialization and Millennial Involvement in Organized and Digital Nonbelief Activities.” Secularism and Nonreligion 9(2): 1-15.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2020. “De nouveaux enjeux pour la recherche sur le paysage religieux québécois : l’apport des études quantitatives.” Book chapter in Étudier la religion au Québec. Regards d’ici et d’ailleurs. Edited by David Koussens, Jean-François Laniel and Jean-Philippe Perreault. Quebec City: Presses de l'Université Laval.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah and Sam Reimer. 2019. “Religion and Grassroots Social Conservatism in Canada.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 54(4): 865-881.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2019. Religion, Non-Belief, Spirituality and Social Behaviour among North American Millennials. Available for free access at:

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2018. “Islamophobia in Canada: Measuring the Realities of Negative Attitudes towards Muslims and Religious Discrimination.” Canadian Review of Sociology 55(1): 86-110.

Thiessen, Joel and Sarah Wilkins-Laflamme. 2017. “Becoming a Religious None: Irreligious Socialization and Disaffiliation.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 56(1): 64-82.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2018. The Religious, Spiritual, Secular and Social Landscapes of the Pacific Northwest – Part 2. Available for free access at:

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah, Martin Geoffroy, Louis Audet Gosselin, Katherine Bouchard and Steve Medeiros. 2018. Connaissances et perceptions de la religion et du phénomène de la radicalisation chez les étudiant(e)s du collégial. Available for free access at:

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2017. “Religious-Secular Polarization Compared: The Cases of Quebec and British Columbia.” Studies in Religion 48(2): 166-185.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2017. The Religious, Spiritual, Secular and Social Landscapes of the Pacific Northwest – Part 1. Available for free access at:

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2016. “Secularization and the Wider Gap in Values and Personal Religiosity between the Religious and Non-Religious.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55(4): 717-736.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2016. “The Remaining Core: A Fresh Look at Religiosity Trends in Great Britain.” British Journal of Sociology 67(4): 632-654.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2016. “The Changing Religious Cleavage in Canadians’ Voting Behaviour.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 49(3): 499-518.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2016. “Protestant and Catholic Distinctions in Secularization.” Journal of Contemporary Religion 31(2): 165-180.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2015. "Une question de religion ou de culture? Convergences et divergences religieuses entre anglophones et francophones québécois depuis 1985.” Book chapter in Catholicisme et cultures : Regards croisés Québec-France. Edited by Solange Lefebvre, Céline Béraud and E.-Martin Meunier. Québec: Presses de l’Université Laval.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2015. “How Unreligious are the Religious ‘Nones’? Religious Dynamics of the Unaffiliated in Canada.” Canadian Journal of Sociology 40(4): 477-500.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2014. “Towards Religious Polarization? Time Effects on Religious Commitment in US, UK and Canadian Regions.” Sociology of Religion 75(2): 284-308.

Meunier, E.-Martin, Sarah Wilkins Laflamme and Véronique Grenier. 2013. “La langue gardienne de la religion / La religion gardienne de la langue? Note sur la permanence et recomposition du catholicisme au Québec et dans la francophonie canadienne.” Translated as: “Language as a Guardian of Religion / Religion as a Guardian of Language? Notes on the Permanence and Recomposition of Catholicism in Quebec and French-Speaking Canada.” Francophonies d’Amérique 36: 13-40.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2012. “Normalizing Denominational Statistics with Demographic Data: The Case of the United Church of Canada.” Canadian Review of Sociology 49(2): 173-187.

Meunier, E.-Martin and Sarah Wilkins-Laflamme. 2011. “Sécularisation, catholicisme et transformation du régime de religiosité au Québec. Étude comparative avec le catholicisme au Canada (1968-2007).” Translated as: “Secularization, Catholicism and the Transformation of the Religiosity Regime in Quebec. A Comparative Study with Catholicism in the Rest of Canada (1968-2007).” Recherches sociographiques 52(3): 683-729.

Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah. 2011. “Les Églises unie et anglicane au Québec anglophone : enjeux contemporains.” Translated as: ”The United and Anglican Churches in Anglophone Quebec: Contemporary Dynamics.” Journal of Eastern Township Studies 36(1): 55-68.