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The effect of speckle filtering on scale-dependent texture estimation of a forested scene

TitleThe effect of speckle filtering on scale-dependent texture estimation of a forested scene
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsCollins, M. J., J. Wiebe, and D. A. Clausi
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Volume38
Pagination1160 - 1170
ISSN0196-2892
Keywordsadaptive signal processing, adaptive speckle reduction algorithm, backscatter texture, forest, forested scene, forestry, generic texture estimation scheme, geophysical measurement technique, geophysical signal processing, geophysical techniques, image texture, land surface, microwave backscatter, radar imaging, radar remote sensing, remote sensing by radar, SAR, scale-dependent texture estimation, spatial fluctuations, speckle, speckle filtering, synthetic aperture radar, tree stand, vegetation mapping
Abstract

Spatial fluctuations in microwave backscatter may be an important piece of information in discriminating tree stands. However, the presence of speckle in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image data is a barrier to the exploitation of image texture. The authors explored a new methodology that combines a recent adaptive speckle reduction algorithm by Lopes et al. (1990) with a generic texture estimation scheme. They investigated the claim that this filter was capable of preserving backscatter texture. To understand if speckle reduction was destroying backscatter texture, they compared the strength of the relationship between forest inventory parameters and image texture as a function of spatial scale for both filtered and unfiltered images. They used Radarsat Fine mode image data: single look resolution is approximately 8.5 m, and pixel spacing is 3 m. Their study area was northern Vancouver Island, B.C., on the west coast of Canada. For the unfiltered data, they found that the ability of image texture to predict the forest parameters decreased as the texture scale increased from 3 to 13 m, suggesting greater information content in the small scale texture. For the filtered data, this relationship was much weaker at small scales and was not a function of distance. Their results suggest that the speckle filter was not retaining small scale texture, which is consistent with the theoretical hypotheses underlying its multiplicative noise model. They also show that there is significant information in small state SAR image texture that may be used as an adjunct to other spatial information for discriminating tree stands in the temperate rain forest