High-level intuitive features (HLIFs) for intuitive skin lesion description

TitleHigh-level intuitive features (HLIFs) for intuitive skin lesion description
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsAmelard, R., J. Glaister, A. Wong, and D. A. Clausi
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
KeywordsBiomedical Imaging

A set of high-level intuitive features (HLIFs) is proposed to quantitatively describe melanoma in standard camera images. Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer. With rising incidence rates and subjectivity in current clinical detection methods, there is a need for melanoma decision support systems. Feature extraction is a critical step in melanoma decision support systems. Existing feature sets for analysing standard camera images are comprised of low-level features, which exist in high dimensional feature spaces and limit the system's ability to convey intuitive diagnostic rationale. The proposed HLIFs were designed to model the ABCD criteria commonly used by dermatologists such that each HLIF represents a human-observable characteristic. As such, intuitive diagnostic rationale can be conveyed to the user. Experimental results show that concatenating the proposed HLIFs with a full low-level feature set increased classification accuracy, and that HLIFs were able to separate the data better than low-level features with statistical significance. An example of a graphical interface for providing intuitive rationale is given.

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